아/어 + 서

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Adjective/Verb + 아 / 어 /여 + 서 : This pattern has three typical usages.

  1. To show one clause is the reason for the second clause. In English, it is typically translated to so or because.
  • This pattern must
  1. tba
  2. This pattern can also be used as a polite ending.
  • Also can be used to mean "and." (add later on seperate page)
  • Cannot be used with the past tense.

Conjugation Rule

For Conjugation rules, see the basic conjugation for 아/어/여. Some basic examples:

Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
오늘 하루 종일 수업이 있어서 정말 피곤해요. Today I had class all day, so I'm really tired. Polite informal ending
내 여자 친구가 요즘 바빠서 못 만났어. My girlfriend has been busy lately, so I haven't been able to meet her. Low form (반말)
배고 파요?"
"아니요. 아까 저녁을 먹어서 배가 안 고파요.
Are you hungry?"
"No, I just ate, so I'm not hungry."
Polite informal ending
너무 슬퍼서 울었어. I was so sad, so I cried. Low form (반말)
졸려서 자러 갈거예요. I'm sleepy, so I'm going to bed. Polite informal ending
아파서 누워있어. I'm sick, so I'm in the bed. Low form (반말)
그 여자가 너무 예뻐서 폰번호를 물어봤어. She was gorgeous, so I asked for her number. Low form (반말)
그 컴퓨터는 너무 비싸서 못샀습니다. The computer was too expensive, so I couldn't buy it. Polite formal ending
어제 밤에 술을 너무 많이 마셔서 필름이 끊겼어. I drank too much last night, so i blacked out. Low form (반말)
그분이 자리에 안계셔서 메시지를 남겼습니다. He was not in there, so I left a message Polite form


Pronunciation

  • Special pronunciation rule?

See Also

  • Related topic or grammar


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