Getting started/ko

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Samtaeguk.pngGetting Started
  • First you should make sure your browser properly displays Korean characters. See installing Korean for more information.
  • If you are new to Korean, you should start by learning the alphabet, see the learn Hangeul section. If you have already learned how to read the Korean script, then you should start at Introduction to Korean.
  • If you are here to edit and create articles, please check the guidelines section before creating or modifying any articles. Not following the guidelines can ruin a wiki and also cause headaches to other editor's who have to keep cleaning up your mistakes. Please be considerate and take time to read the guidelines.
  • If you are unfamiliar with the Mediawiki syntax used in the articles, see the help section to learn the basics.
  • If you are here to contribute to this wiki and wondering how, please see: contributing.
Samtaeguk.pngHow to Search

In newer browsers, as you type in the search box and it will automatically suggest articles that match what you have already typed. After learning the basic syntax, you can start typing and have the search suggest help you find the article you might be looking for. There are many redirects(explain redirect) on this wiki which should help you find your article easier.

Samtaeguk.pngHow to understand the syntax

The article names are in a special syntax, e.g. A/V + 지 않다. The syntax is similar to formats used by other Korean text books but unique to this site. Those who have read previous Korean textbooks should have no problems understanding the syntax. The first table explains the meaning of the all syntax used, while the second table below breaks the syntax down so you can understand it more clearly if necessary.


Grammar Syntax
Syntax Meaning Example Comment
A Adjective (descriptive verb) A + 구나 Adjective (descriptive verb) only pattern.
A/V Adjective or Verb A/V + 지만 Adjective or verb may be used in this pattern.
N Noun N + (으)로 Noun only pattern
S Sentence
V Verb (action verb) V + (으)ㄹ 게요 Verb (action verb) only pattern.
+ Attach the thing before and after the + symbol. The adjective 춥다: 춥 + 지요 → 춥지요 The verb stem is 춥 from 춥다(to be cold), gets joined with 지요.
(으) If there is a 받침 add a 으. A/V + (으)니까 -
(으)ㄹ If there is a 받침 add 을 (으 being the optional grammar) otherwise add ㄹ as the 받침. A/V + (으)ㄹ지도 모르다 If there is
(으)ㄴ If there is a 받침 add 은 (으 being the optional grammar) otherwise add ㄴ as the 받침. A + (으)ㄴ가요 -
(스)ㅂ If there is a 받침 add 습 (스 being the optional grammar) otherwise add ㅂ as the 받침. A/V + (스)ㅂ니다 -
(이) If there is a 받침 attach 이. Often used in conjunction with nouns. N + (이)나 -
( ) The part inside the parenthesis is optional. V + (으)ㄹ 수(가) 있다 The 가 is optional.
a/b Either a or b A/V + 아/어/여 Depending on the rule, you either pick 아, 어 or 여.


Comparing the Syntax to Other Books
Korean Wiki Project A/V + (스)ㅂ니다 A/V + 아/어/여 + 요 V + 아/어 + 야 하다 V + (으)ㄹ 수(가) 있다
Seoul National University:
한국어
(must find later) V-아요/어요 V + 아야/어야 하다 (must find later)
Yonsei: Korean Grammar
for International Learners
-ㅂ/습니다 어(아, 여)요 Vst-어(아, 여)야 하다
-어(아, 여)야 하다
Vst +-(으)ㄹ 수 있다
-ㄹ 수 있다(index section)
Speaking Korean
By: Francis Park

Korean Wiki Project A/V + (으)ㄹ 것 같다 N + (이)라서
Seoul National University:
한국어
A/V-(으)ㄹ 것 같다 N(이)라서
Yonsei: Korean Grammar
for International Learners
Vst +-(으)ㄹ 것 같다 -(이)라서
Speaking Korean
By: Francis Park
noun + -(이)라서



Breakdown of Syntax with Examples
A/V + 않다
Adjective or Verb stem ←attaches together→ (space)않다
[Example] 가다 + (A/V + 지 않다 ): 가지 않다
V + (으) 게요
Verb (only) ←attaches together→ If the verb/Adj stem has a 받침 add 으 Add ㄹto the 받침 position (space)게요
[Example] 가다 + (V + (으)ㄹ 게요): 갈게요
[Example] 먹다 + (V + (으)ㄹ 게요): 먹을 게요
A/V + (으)
Adjective or Verb stem ←attaches together→ If the verb/Adj stem has a 받침 add 으
[Example] 가다 + (A/V + (으)면 ): 가면
[Example] 먹다 + (A/V + (으)면 ): 먹으면
A/V + 아/어/여
Adjective or Verb stem ←attaches together→ Add either a 아, 어 or 여 depending on the rule
[Example] 오다 + (A/V + 아/어/여)): 오아
[Example] 먹다 + (A/V + 아/어/여)): 먹어
N + (이)
Noun ←attaches together→ If the noun has a 받침 add 이
[Example] 차 + (N + (이)나): 차나
[Example] 밥 + (N + (이)나): 밥이나
A/V + (스) 니다
Adjective or Verb stem ←attaches together→ If the verb/Adj stem has a 받침 add 스 Add ㅂto the 받침 position 니다
[Example] 가다 + (A/V + (스)ㅂ니다): 갑니다
[Example] 입다 + (A/V + (스)ㅂ니다): 입습니다
V + (으) (가) 있다
Verb (only) ←attaches together→ If the verb stem has a 받침 add 으 Add ㄹto the 받침 position (space)수 가 is optional (space)있다
[Example] 가다 + (V + (으)ㄹ 수(가) 있다): 갈 수가 있다 or 갈 수 있다




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