Sino Korean numbers
The Sino Korean numbers are derived from the Chinese numerals (Sino is a prefix meaning Chinese).
|6||육 / 륙2||六|
- For phone numbers, '공' is used instead of 영, i.e. 010-1234-5678 is 공일공 일이삼사 오룩칠팔.
- 육 is used when it's just the number '6' or if it is the first syllable, i.e. 육십 (60). Otherwise it is 륙.
For the numbers above 10, you form them by counting the number of 10's (십) you need, followed by the remaining digits.
- 11 = 10 + 1, so 십일 (ten one)
- 15 = 10 + 5, so 십오 (ten five)
- 20 = two 10s, so 이십 (two ten)
- 50 = five 10s, so 오십 (five ten)
- 99 = nine 10s + 9, so 구십구 (nine ten nine)
Numbers 100 and above
- For the numbers between 100-999, you form them by counting the number of 100's (백) you need, followed by the remaining digits.
- 565 = five 100s, six 10s + 5, so 오백육십오 (five hundred six ten five).
- For the numbers between 1,000-9,999 you form them by counting the number of 1000's (천) you need, followed by the remaining digits.
- For the numbers between 10,000-99,999 you form them by counting the number of 10,000s (만) you need, followed by the remaining digits.
- For the numbers above 100,000,000 you form them by counting the number of 100,000,000s (억) you need, followed by the remaining digits.
- Any time 6 is preceded by 10 (like 16 or 56), the combination is always pronounced as '심뉵'. This is because 6 is 육 if it's in the first syllable and 륙 elsewhere, so 심륙 → 심뉵.
There are quizzes available to help you get accustomed to Sino Korean numbers.
- Sino Korean numbers quiz 1: Beginners level (numbers 1-100)
- Sino Korean numbers quiz 2: Intermediate level (numbers 100 - 10,000)
- Talk to me in Korean: Lesson 15- Sino Korean numbers