지요

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Description

Adjective/Verb + 지요 : This grammar pattern can be used in various ways:

  1. Used like a tag question in English, mini questions we put at the end of a sentence and invite the listener to agree with you, usually on some fact or topic you both know about. If you are using this pattern like a tag question, you must use a rising intonation when speaking.
  2. For giving information about something. This pattern uses a falling intonation when spoken. If used as a reply to someone else, can give a slight feeling of "of course ~."
  3. For non tag question it used when you know the other person knows something, especially when asking yourself a question or having someone confirm or recheck a fact. The intonation is different from when asking a tag question(see the audio examples below).

Notes

  • This grammar pattern can also be used with nouns if combined with the verb 이다 to make the pattern Noun + 이지요.
  • 지요 is pronounced 죠 and can be contracted to in spelling form as well.
  • There is a polite command form for when combined with the honorific 시 tag. See V + 시지요

Conjugation Rule

A/V + 지요

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: A/V + 지요 If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 가다→가지요
Rule 2: A/V + 지요 If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem 알다→알지요


N + 지요

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: N + 지요 If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 개→개지요
Rule 2: N + 이지요 If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem 선생님→선생님이지요


Conjugation Examples

  • 가다 (to go) → 가지요
  • 알다 (to know) → 알지요
  • 예쁘다 (to be pretty) → 예쁘지요
  • 춥다 (to be cold) → 춥지요
  • 덥다 (to be hot) →덥지요
  • 선생님 (teacher) → 선생님이지요
  • 어머니 (mother) → 어머니지요
  • 고양이 (cat) → 고양이지요

Sentence Examples

Note some examples below use the low form where the 요 is omitted.

Used with Tag Questions

Korean English Notes
이효리가 정말 예쁘지? Lee Hyori is really pretty, isn't she? low form
오늘은 춥지요? It's cold today, isn't it? polite informal form
내일 직장에 안 가지? You're not going to work tomorrow, are you? polite informal form
김철수씨지요? You're Kim Chul Su, aren't you? polite informal form
우리 강아지 너무 귀엽지요? My dog is so cute, isn't it? polite informal form
"벌써 졸업했지요?" "You already graduated, right?" polite informal form
한국어 공부지? You're studying Korean, aren't you?
책을 읽지요? You read books, don't you?
아이스크림 좋아하지? You like ice cream, right?
음악 들리지? You hear the music, don't you?


Used to Give Information

Korean English Notes
그 사람 알아?"
B: 모르지.
Do you know that person?"
B: (of course) I don't know him.
low form
당연하지요. Of course.
That is a dog, isn't it?"
"No. That's a cat.
polite informal


As a General Question Ending

Korean English Notes
그 사람의 이름이 뭐지요? What is that person's name (again)? Seems like you knew this person's name and you are trying to retrieve the
information from your mind or have the other person remind you.
polite informal form
이거 얼마지요? How much is this? The person you are asking knows the price.
polite informal form
시간이 얼마나 걸리지요? How many hours does it take (again)? polite informal form
지금 몇 시 지? What time is it now? low form
여기가 어디지? Where is this place? Seems like you know where the place is and you are trying to retrieve the
information from your mind or have the other person remind you.low form
저것은 개지요?"
"아니요. 고양이지요


See Also