Difference between revisions of "지 못 하다"

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[[Category:Grammar Pattern|ㅈ]]
[[Category:SNU Level 1 Grammar|ㅈ]]
[[Category:SNU level 1 grammar|ㅈ]]

Latest revision as of 02:16, 25 April 2011


Grammar pattern : Description


Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: V + 지 못 하다 If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 보다 → 보지 못 하다
Rule 2: V + 지 못 하다 If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem 먹다 → 먹지 못 하다

Conjugation Examples

  • 보다 → 보지 못 하다
  • 먹다 → 먹지 못 하다
  • 걷다 → 걷지 못 하다
  • 가다 → 가지 못 하다
  • 읽다 → 읽지 못 하다

Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
목이 아파서 말하지 못해요. I have a sore throat, so I can't speak. Polite informal form
제가 오늘은 학교에 가지 못해요. I can't go to school today. Polite informal form
저는 감기에 결려서 집 밖에 나가지 못해요. Since I caught cold, I can't go out of my house. Polite informal form
저는 한글을 몰라서 이것을 읽지 못해요. I don't know Korean letters, so I can't read this. Polite informal form
이 옷은 작아서 입지 못해. This shirt is too tight for me. So, I can't wear this Low form
저는 술을 마시지 못해요. I can't drink alcohol. Polite informal form
바빠서 전화를 받지 못했어. I was busy, so I couldn't answer the phone. Low form
도서관에서는 떠들지 못해요. Nobody is supposed to make noise in the library. Polite informal form
저는 매운음식을 잘 먹지 못해요. I can't eat spicy food well. Polite informal form
나는 수영을 하지 못해. I can't swim. Low form


  • Special pronunciation rule?

See Also

  • Related topic or grammar

See Also