Difference between revisions of "지 않다"

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m (Text replace - "Yonsei Level 1 Grammar" to "Yonsei level 1 grammar")
 
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{{TTMIK
 
{{TTMIK
|link =http://www.talktomeinkorean.com/lessons/level-1-lesson-21/      <!--link of the lesson-->          
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|link =http://www.talktomeinkorean.com/lessons/level-1-lesson-21/      <!--link of the lesson-->
|number = 21  <!--lesson number-->  
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|number = 21  <!--lesson number-->
 
}}
 
}}
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
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==Conjugation Rule==
 
==Conjugation Rule==
 
{{Conjugation table
 
{{Conjugation table
|Pattern1=A/V + 지 않다
+
|Pattern1=A/V + 지 않다
 
|Examples1=예쁘다 → 예쁘지 않다
 
|Examples1=예쁘다 → 예쁘지 않다
|Pattern2=A/V + 지 않다
+
|Pattern2=A/V + 지 않다
 
|Examples2=덥다 → 덥지 않다
 
|Examples2=덥다 → 덥지 않다
 
}}
 
}}
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|Korex1 =우리 집은 넓지 않습니다.
 
|Korex1 =우리 집은 넓지 않습니다.
 
|Engex1 =My house is not large.
 
|Engex1 =My house is not large.
|Comment1 =Formal declarative  
+
|Comment1 =Formal declarative
 
|Korex2 =저는 키가 크지 않습니다.
 
|Korex2 =저는 키가 크지 않습니다.
 
|Engex2 =I'm not tall.
 
|Engex2 =I'm not tall.
|Comment2 =Formal declarative  
+
|Comment2 =Formal declarative
 
|Korex3 =이 가방은 비싸지 않아요.
 
|Korex3 =이 가방은 비싸지 않아요.
 
|Engex3 =This bag is not expensive.
 
|Engex3 =This bag is not expensive.
 
|Comment3 =Polite informal form
 
|Comment3 =Polite informal form
|Korex4 =김치는 맵지 않아.  
+
|Korex4 =김치는 맵지 않아.
 
|Engex4 =Kimchi is not spicy.
 
|Engex4 =Kimchi is not spicy.
 
|Comment4 =Low form
 
|Comment4 =Low form
|Korex5 =이 가방은 무겁지 않아요.  
+
|Korex5 =이 가방은 무겁지 않아요.
 
|Engex5 =This luggage is not heavy.
 
|Engex5 =This luggage is not heavy.
 
|Comment5 =Polite informal form
 
|Comment5 =Polite informal form
 
|Korex6 =어제는 날씨가 맑지 않았어요.
 
|Korex6 =어제는 날씨가 맑지 않았어요.
|Engex6 =It was not sunny yesterday.  
+
|Engex6 =It was not sunny yesterday.
 
|Comment6 =Polite informal form
 
|Comment6 =Polite informal form
 
|Korex7 =내일은 비가 오지 않을 거예요.
 
|Korex7 =내일은 비가 오지 않을 거예요.
|Engex7 =It will not rain tomorrow.  
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|Engex7 =It will not rain tomorrow.
 
|Comment7 =Polite informal form
 
|Comment7 =Polite informal form
|Korex8 =한국어는 어렵지 않아.  
+
|Korex8 =한국어는 어렵지 않아.
|Engex8 =Korean is not difficult.  
+
|Engex8 =Korean is not difficult.
 
|Comment8 =Low form
 
|Comment8 =Low form
|Korex9 =내 동생은 오지 않았어요.  
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|Korex9 =내 동생은 오지 않았어요.
|Engex9 =My younger sister didn't come.  
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|Engex9 =My younger sister didn't come.
 
|Comment9 =Polite informal form
 
|Comment9 =Polite informal form
|Korex10 = 난 피곤하지 않아.  
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|Korex10 = 난 피곤하지 않아.
 
|Engex10 =I am not tired.
 
|Engex10 =I am not tired.
 
|Comment10 = Low form
 
|Comment10 = Low form
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*[[V + (으)ㄹ 수(가) 없다]]
 
*[[V + (으)ㄹ 수(가) 없다]]
  
[[Category:SNU Level 1 Grammar|ㅈ]]
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[[Category:Grammar|ㅈ]]
 +
[[Category:SNU level 1 grammar|ㅈ]]
 +
[[Category:Yonsei level 1 grammar|ㅈ]]
 +
[[Category:Sogang level 1 grammar|ㅈ]]
 
[[Category:Basics|ㅈ]]
 
[[Category:Basics|ㅈ]]
 
[[Category:Negation|ㅈ]]
 
[[Category:Negation|ㅈ]]
[[Category:Grammar|ㅈ]]
 

Latest revision as of 01:26, 28 April 2011

This topic is covered at Talktomeinkorean.com: lesson 21


Description

Adjective/Verb + 지 않다 : This pattern is equivalent to not ~. This verb is used to negate the verb or adjective attached to it.

Notes

Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: A/V + 지 않다 If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 예쁘다 → 예쁘지 않다
Rule 2: A/V + 지 않다 If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem 덥다 → 덥지 않다


Conjugation Examples

  • 예쁘다 → 예쁘지 않다
  • 덥다 → 덥지 않다
  • 춥다 → 춥지 않다
  • 깊다 → 깊지 않다
  • 시끄럽다 → 시끄럽지 않다
  • 멀다 → 멀지 않다

Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
우리 집은 넓지 않습니다. My house is not large. Formal declarative
저는 키가 크지 않습니다. I'm not tall. Formal declarative
이 가방은 비싸지 않아요. This bag is not expensive. Polite informal form
김치는 맵지 않아. Kimchi is not spicy. Low form
이 가방은 무겁지 않아요. This luggage is not heavy. Polite informal form
어제는 날씨가 맑지 않았어요. It was not sunny yesterday. Polite informal form
내일은 비가 오지 않을 거예요. It will not rain tomorrow. Polite informal form
한국어는 어렵지 않아. Korean is not difficult. Low form
내 동생은 오지 않았어요. My younger sister didn't come. Polite informal form
난 피곤하지 않아. I am not tired. Low form



Pronunciation

  • Special pronunciation rule?

See Also