(으)ㄴ 적이 있다

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Description

Verb+(으)ㄴ 적이 있다 : This pattern is equivalent to the phrase 'to have ~ before' and can also in the question form can mean 'have you ever ~ ?' It is often combined with the form V + 아/어 보다 to ask someone if they've ever tried something. The opposite pattern is V + (으)ㄴ 적이 없다.

Notes

This construction expresses past tense through verb + (으)ㄴ. There is no need to change the main verb 있다/없다 to its past tense form.

Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: Verb+ㄴ 적이 있다 If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 간 적이 있다
Rule 2: Verb+은 적이 있다 If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem 입은 적이 있다


Conjugation Examples

  • 보다 → 본 적이 있다
  • 먹다 → 먹은 적이 있다
  • 마시다 → 마신 적이 있다

Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
어릴때 병원에 입원한 적이 있어요. I was hospitalized when I was a child. Polite informal form
그 사람을 만난 적이 있어요. I've met him once. Polite informal form
한국말을 몰라서 실수한 적이 있어요. I've made a mistake because of my poor Korean.(?) Polite informal form
철수? 그 이름을 들은 적이 있는 것 같아. Chul-Su? I think I've heard the name. Low form
한국영화를 본 적이 있어요? Have you ever seen a Korean movie? Polite informal form
한국남자와 데이트 한 적이 있어? Have you ever gone out with a Korean guy? Low form
어릴때 피아노를 배운 적이 있어. I learned to play piano when I was a child. Low form
김치 먹어 본 적이 있어요? Have you tried kimchi before? Polite informal form
일본에 가 본 적이 있습니까? Have you ever been to Japan? Formal form
제주도 처음 가요?"
"아니요, 가 본 적이 있어요.
"(Is this your) first time going to Jeju Island?
"No, I've gone (there) before."
Polite informal form


Pronunciation

  • Special pronunciation rule?

See Also