(으)ㄹ 때

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Description

Adjective/Verb + (으)ㄹ 때 : When ~. Used for actions that will happen in the future. This cannot complete a sentence on it's own, it's just a fragment of one. If you want to say when something happened (in the past) you must put the verb in the past form (하다 turns into 했) then add the ending (했을 때). Koreans often don't leave a space between any verb that adds ㄹ/을 and the noun that follows it (했을때)

Notes

Pronunciation

  • Special pronunciation rule?

Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: Adjective/verb + ㄹ 때 If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 <갈 때>
Rule 2: Adjective/verb + 을 때 If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem <받을 때>


Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
바쁘지 않을 때 전화해. When you aren't busy, call me then.
한국에 갈 때 김치 먹어야 돼 When you go to Korea, you have to eat kimchi.
중국어를 잘 할 수 있을 때 중국에 같이 가자! When you can speak well Chinese, let's go to China!
시간이 있을 때 이 책을 읽어 봐. When you have time, try reading this book.
내가 그녀를 만났을 때 그녀는 울고 있었다. When I met her, she was crying.
우리 할아버지가 젊었을 때 한국에서 전쟁이 시작되었다. When my grandfather was a young man, the war began in Korea.
그녀가 노래를 부르기 시작했을 때, 모든 사람들은 깜짝 놀랐다. When she started sing, everyone was very surprised.
나는 그 비밀을 죽을 때까지 지킬 생각이다. I'll take the secret to my grave.
일할 때는 일하고, 놀 때는 놀아라. Work while you work, play while you play.
한국에서는 추석 때 모든 가족이 한 자리에 모인다. Chusuk in Korea, is a time for families to get together.


See Also


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