Hangeul step 6

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Double consonants

Similar letters consonants2.png

We saw how the letters ㅋ,ㅌ,ㅊ,ㅍ were similar to the letters ㄱ,ㄷ,ㅈ,ㅂ in step 4. Now we will learn another set of letters that are also similar, ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅉ, ㅃ and ㅆ. If you noticed, they are just a double version of ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅈ, ㅂ, ㅅ. These sounds are not only the hardest to explain, but the hardest to pronounce for non native speakers since there is nothing remotely similar in English or other languages. These letters will take a lot of practice to pronounce, so listen carefully to the audio and make sure you can distinguish it from other sounds. The best way I can generalize these sounds are they are stronger and more tensed versions of some of the previous sounds you've learned. Note these consonants are not aspirated.

Diphthongs (double vowels)

Diphthongs are defined as: "a complex vowel sound in which the first vowel gradually moves toward a second vowel so that both vowels form one syllable, e.g. "a" and "i" in "rail." Take the vowel from <red> and make it tight and quick /e/, then quickly add the vowel from <ill>, /ɪ/. 1 The vowels we are learning are a combination of vowels we already learned. For example ㅘ is a combination of ㅗ and ㅏ, but with a /w/ sound in front. A lot of these are pronounced by saying the first vowel and the second vowel quickly, however you will notice that all of these sounds, except ㅢ, make a /w/ sound in front.

  1. Source: MSN Encarta dictionary


ㅘ (vowel)

ㄲ (consonant)

ㅘ.jpg

ㅘ is a combination of the vowel ㅗ and the vowel ㅏ. This sounds you are pronouncing ㅗ and ㅏ together, but with a /w/ sound in front. Sounds similar to the <wa> in <wander>. IPA symbol: /wa/. For full information about this letter, see .

Male
Female
link=ㄲ}

This is a more stronger and tensed version of ㄱ. To make this sound, place everything in your mouth as if you were going to make a ㄱ sound, then hold that position for a slight second and 'push off' harder than normal making the sound stronger. and For full information about this letter, see .



Practice


ㅙ (vowel)

ㄸ (consonant)

ㅙ.jpg

ㅙ is a combination of the vowel ㅗ and the vowel ㅐ. This sounds you are pronouncing ㅗ and ㅐ together, but with a /w/ sound in front. Sounds similar to the <we> in <wet>. IPA symbol: /wɛ/. For full information about this letter, see .

Male
Female
link=ㄸ}

This is a more stronger and tensed version of ㄷ. To make this sound, place everything in your mouth as if you were going to make a ㄷ sound, hold your tongue in that position for a slight second and 'push off' with more force than normal making the sound stronger. For full information about this letter, see .



Practice


ㅚ (vowel)

ㅆ (consonant)

ㅚ.jpg

ㅚ is a combination of the vertical vowel ㅗ and the horizontal vowel ㅣ. Korean dictionaries list this as identical to ㅞ, so like the <we> in <wet>. Some go further and say that ㅙ = ㅚ = ㅞ. IPA symbol: /we/. For full information about this letter, see .

Male
Female
link=ㅆ}

This is a stronger version of ㅅ. Just make your hiss stronger than the normal /s/. When ㅆ is combined with the vowels ㅣ and the double vowels ㅑ, ㅕ, ㅛ, or ㅠ it sounds like a slightly stronger version of the "sh" sound. For full information about this letter, see .



Practice

ㅝ (vowel)

ㅃ (consonant)

ㅝ.jpg

ㅝ is a combination of the vertical vowel ㅜ and the horizontal vowel ㅓ. Sounds similar to <wo> in <wonderful>. Again, try to focus on saying ㅜ and ㅓ together quickly. IPA symbol: /wʌ/. For full information about this letter, see .

Male
Female
link=ㅃ}

This is a more stronger and tensed version of ㅂ. To make this sound, put your lips together as if you were going to make a ㅂ sound, then hold your lips a slight second and 'push off' harder than normal making the sound stronger. For full information about this letter, see .



Practice

ㅞ (vowel)

ㅉ (consonant)

ㅞ.jpg

ㅜ is a combination of the vertical vowel ㅜ and the horizontal vowel ㅔ. This vowel does not appear very much. It sounds like the "wai" in "wait," but shorter and almost like the "wet" in "wet." It is also basically pronounced the same as ㅚ and ㅙ. IPA symbol: /we/. For full information about this letter, see .

Male
Female
link=ㅉ}

This is a more stronger and tensed version of ㅈ. To make this sound, place everything in your mouth as if you were going to make a ㅈ sound, hold that position for a slight second and 'push off' with more force than normal making the sound stronger. For full information about this letter, see .



Practice

ㅟ (vowel)

ㅟ.jpg

ㅟ is a combination of the vertical vowel ㅜ and the horizontal vowel ㅣ. Think of the <wee> in <weed>. IPA symbol: /wi/. For full information about this letter, see .

Male
Female



Practice


ㅢ (vowel)

ㅢ.jpg

Our final vowel is ㅢ. It is a combination of the vertical vowel ㅡ and the horizontal vowel l. This does not make a "w" sound. It is unrounded. Think of the difference between ㅜ and ㅡ and you will get the idea. IPA symbol: /ɰi/. For full information about this letter, see .

Male
Female



More Examples

Word Audio
가깝다 (to be close)
과외 (private lesson)
가위 (scissors)
과일 (fruit)
과자 (snack)
기엽다 (to be cute)
기쁘다 (to be glad)
까다롭다 (to be picky)
깍두기 (cubed radish kimchi)
깜빡 (flash)
깜짝 놀라다 (to be surprised)
깎다 (to cut)
꽃 (flower)
뜨겁다 (to be hot [touch])
바뀌다 (to change)
법원 (court of law)
비싸다 (to be expensive)
빠르다 (to be quick)
빠지다 (to fall out)
스웨덴 (Sweden)
싸구려 (cheap goods)
싸다 (to be cheap)
싸우다 (to fight)
쓰다 (to use, to write)
영화 (movie)
예쁘다 (to be pretty)
오빠 (older brother [for a female])
왕 (king)
왜 (why)
외국 (foreign country)
외롭다(to be lonely)
외숙모 (mom's brother's wife)
원 (The won, Korean currency)
웬일 (what reason)
위험하다 (to be dangerous)
의료 보험 (medical insurance)
의사 (doctor)
의자 (chair)
짜증 나다 (to be annoyed)
짬뽕 (a type of Chinese spicy noodle)
치과 (dentist office)
취하다 (to get drunk)
코끼리 (elephant)
튀김 (fried food)
회사 (company)
원숭이 (monkey)

Writing

Writing the double consonants requires just writing the consonants we previously learned twice, so to write ㄲ you just write ㄱ twice. For the vowels in this section, you write the bottom vowel (ㅗ, ㅜ, ㅡ) before the side vowel (ㅏ, ㅐ, ㅓ, ㅔ, ㅣ). So if you write ㅘ, you write ㅗ first, then ㅏ. A section 7 will be made in the future for more advanced pronunciation. (Do you notice that we avoided batchim examples with ㅎ? That was for a reason.)


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Additional practice

Need help distinguishing between some sounds? Here are some more examples (or take the quiz below)

Quiz

Have trouble distinguishing some of the sounds in this section with other previous sounds? Check out these quizzes then: