Aspirationization

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Description

Aspirationization happens when a ㅎ connects with other consonants. The ㅎ acts the same if it's in a double consonant 받침.

Cases

  • ㄷ + ㅎ → ㅌ
  • ㅈ + ㅎ → ㅊ
  • ㄱ + ㅎ → ㅋ
  • ㅂ/ㅍ + ㅎ → ㅍ
  • ㅎ + ㄱ → ㄱ + ㅋ
  • ㅎ + ㄷ → ㄷ + ㅌ
  • ㅎ + ㅂ → ㅂ + ㅍ
  • ㅎ + ㅈ → ㅈ + ㅊ

Other

  • ㅎ + ㅅ → ㅅ + ㅆ
  • ㅎ + ㄴ → ㄴ + ㄴ

Examples

  • 가득하다 → "가드카다"
  • 국화 → "구콰"
  • 국회 → "구쾨"
  • 낙하산 → "나카산"
  • 넉넉하다 → "넝너카다"
  • 눅눅하다 → "눙누카다" (Note the ㄱ + ㄴ rule is also in place)
  • 녹화 → "노콰"
  • 독학 → "도칵"
  • 똑똑하다 → "똑또카다"
  • 막막하다 → "망마카다"
  • 박하사탕 → "바카사탕"
  • 북한 → "부칸"
  • 백합 → "배캅"
  • 복학하다 → "보카카다"
  • 선택하다 → "선태카다"
  • 식혜 → "시켸"
  • 약하다 → "야카다"
  • 어떻게 → "어떠케"
  • 어떻하지? → "어떠카지?"
  • 역할 → "여칼"
  • 욕하다 → "요카다"
  • 이렇게 → "이러케"
  • 익히다 → "이키다"
  • 입학다 → "이파카다" (Note the ㅂ + ㅎ rule is also in place)
  • 좋겠다 → "조켔따"
  • 착하다 → "차카다"
  • 참석하다 → "참서카다"
  • 취직하다 → "취지카다"
  • 축하하다 → "추카하다"
  • 폭행 → "포캥"
  • 행복하다 → "행보카다"
  • 그렇지 → "그러치"
  • 싫지 → 실치

Double 받침

  • Even when the ㅎ is in the second double 받침 position as a 'hidden' sound, it can still effect the pronunciation of the next syllable. See the examples below:

Examples

  • Examples needed