Contrast marker

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은 / 는


Grammar pattern : (attached to nouns, adverbs, other particles or endings, it shows the subject of the sentence or may be used to show 'contrast' or 'emphasis'.)


Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침
Rule 2: If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem

Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
나는 키가 작습니다. I am short. Formal declarative
나는 떡볶이를 좋아합니다. I like Teokboki. Formal declarative
철수는 커피를 마십니다. Chul Su drinks a cup of coffee. Formal declarative
나는 한국어를 배웁니다. I learn Korean. Formal declarative
버스가 느립니다. 지하철은 빠릅니다. The bus is slow. However, the subway is fast. Formal declarative
여름은 덥습니다. 겨울은 춥습니다. It's hot im summer. However, it's cold in winter. Formal declarative
동생은 텔레비전을 봅니다. 언니는 설거지를 합니다. My younger sister is watching TV. However, my elder sister is doing the dishes. Formal declarative
나는 영어는 잘 하지만 일본어는 못 합니다. I am good at English, but I am not good at Japanese. Formal declarative


  • Special pronunciation rule?

See Also