ㄱ, ㄲ, ㅋ + ㄴ, ㅁ

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Pronunciation 'Rule:

  • Case 1: 'ㄱ' 받침 + 'ㄴ' or 'ㅁ' → ㄱ gets pronounced as ㅇ(/ŋ/)
  • Case 2: 'ㄲ' 받침 + 'ㄴ' or 'ㅁ' → ㄲ gets pronounced as ㅇ(/ŋ/)
  • Case 3: 'ㅋ' 받침 + 'ㄴ' or 'ㅁ' → ㅋ gets pronounced as ㅇ(/ŋ/)

In the 받침 position, ㄱ, ㄲ, and ㅋ all make the same sound, and when followed by a nasal sound ㅁ(/m/) or ㄴ(/n/), the ㄱ sound must also match the nasal sound and becomes an ㅇ (/ŋ/) nasal sound. Note that when ㄱ also appears in the double 받침 position, such as 읽다, that this rule applies as well. This rule also applies when the ㄱ is a 받침 and the next word's first letter is a nasal sound, i.e. "부엌 문."

Examples

  • 한국말 (Korean language) → "한궁말"
  • 작년 (last year)→ "장년"
  • 악몽 (nightmare) → "앙몽"
  • 국민 → "궁민"
  • 학년 → "항년"