Difference between revisions of "받침"

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(Double 받침)
m (Double 받침)
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Also add: 잃다,닳다, 귀찮아,  끊다, 끓다 젊다, 읽히다
Also add: 잃다,닳다, 귀찮아,  끊다, 끓다 젊다, 읽히다
개미핥기,수박 겉 핥기

Revision as of 05:42, 10 February 2009

The 받침 is the final consonant(or consonant cluster) at the end of a Korean syllable. The 받침 is written in the bottom/final position. Conjugation rules will often depend on if there is a 받침 or not. The jamo (units that make up the Hangul alphabet) sound may also differ from it's original sound if not followed by a vowel.

  • Todo: insert chart with different sounds for 받침
A sentence example where the받침 is in red

If followed by a vowel, the sound shifts over.

Double 받침

It is possible to have two different consonants in the final syllable position. If the next syllable starts with a vowel, the sound in the second 받침 position will shift to the next syllable unless it is an ㅎ, in which case the sound is simply ignored.

  • table original form, how it is pronounced

얽어 → 일거

없어 → 업서

앉아 → 안자

짧아 → 짤바

싫어 → 실어 → 시러

괜찮아 → 괜찬아 →괜차나

However if it is followed by a consonant in the next syllable over, there is no specific rule as to which sound to pronounce; you must memorize the words individually. The second consonant in the 받침 can also affect the next syllable if one of the consonant assimilation rules applies. See the picture example.

Also add: 잃다,닳다, 귀찮아, 끊다, 끓다 젊다, 읽히다 개미핥기,수박 겉 핥기

  • <TODO: insert table> List of words where the first consonant gets pronounced
  • 많다
  • 않다
  • 앉다
  • 짧다
  • 없다
  • 핥다
  • 싫다
  • 괜찮다
  • 여덟

ㄵ,ㄶ, ㄳ, ㄼ, ㅀ,

pattern with the specific 받침? ㄺ,ㄻ, ㄺ,ㄿ,

  • <TODO: insert table> List of words where the second consonant gets pronounced
  • 굵다
  • 옮다
  • 굶다

Please note the tensed consonants(ㅃ, ㅉ, ㄸ, ㄲ, ㅆ,) can appear in the 받침 position, but this doesn't make it a double 받침 since it is still one character and not two separate characters.