The 받침 is the final consonant(or consonant cluster) at the end of a Korean syllable. The 받침 is written in the bottom/final position. Conjugation rules will often depend on if there is a 받침 or not. The jamo (units that make up the Hangul alphabet) sound may also differ from it's original sound if not followed by a vowel.
- Todo: insert chart with different sounds for 받침
If followed by a vowel, the sound shifts over.
It is possible to have two different consonants in the final syllable position. If the next syllable starts with a vowel, the sound in the second 받침 position will shift to the next syllable unless it is an ㅎ, in which case the sound is simply ignored.
- table original form, how it is pronounced
얽어 → 일거
없어 → 업서
앉아 → 안자
짧아 → 짤바
싫어 → 실어 → 시러
괜찮아 → 괜찬아 →괜차나
However if it is followed by a consonant in the next syllable over, there is no specific rule as to which sound to pronounce; you must memorize the words individually. The second consonant in the 받침 can also affect the next syllable if one of the consonant assimilation rules applies. See the picture example.
Also add: 잃다,닳다, 귀찮아, 끊다, 끓다
- <TODO: insert table> List of words where the first consonant gets pronounced
ㄵ,ㄶ, ㄳ, ㄼ, ㅀ,
pattern with the specific 받침? ㄺ,ㄻ, ㄺ,ㄿ,
- <TODO: insert table> List of words where the second consonant gets pronounced
Please note the tensed consonants(ㅃ, ㅉ, ㄸ, ㄲ, ㅆ,) can appear in the 받침 position, but this doesn't make it a double 받침 since it is still one character and not two separate characters.