Difference between revisions of "아/어/여 + 요"

From Korean Wiki Project
Jump to: navigation, search
(No difference)

Revision as of 16:27, 2 February 2009

Using the 요 ending adds politeness. In order to make the verb or adjective informal low form, known as 반말 one can usually simply remove the 요 at the end of the word.

Conjugation Rule

If the last syllable of the stem contains the vowels ㅗ or ㅏ, then 아요 is added. Note that if it already contains an ㅏ in the stem then an extra 아 is not written. Note this rule does not apply for 하다 verbs, see the section below for 하다 verbs.
오다→오아다 → 와요 *note ㅗ + ㅏ can be contracted into ㅘ.

Verbs Containing 아
Verb/Adjective Stem After Conjugation Contracted Form Present Tense Past Tense
가다 (to go) 가아 가(요) 갔어(요)
괜찮다 (to be fine, ok) 괜찮 괜찮아 N/A 괜찮아(요) 괜찮았어(요)
놀다 (to play) 놀아 N/A 놀아(요) 놀았어(요)
맞다 (to be right, correct) 맞아 N/A 맞아(요) 맞았어(요)
보다 (to see) 보아 봐(요) / 보아(요 봤어(요) / 보았어(요)
사다 사아 사(요) 샀어(요)
오다 (to come) 오아 와(요) / 오아(요) 왔어(요) / 오았어(요)
좋다 (to like) 좋아 N/A 좋아(요) 좋았어(요)

If the last syllable of the stem contains the vowels 이, then it becomes a 여. →

If the last syllable of the stem contains any vowel except 오,아, and 이, then it becomes an 어.

하다 Verbs

하 becomes 해.

Conjugation Examples

  • Original → After

Sentence Examples

  • Example

Usage Exceptions

  • People saying 맞어 and 아퍼


  • Special pronunciation rule?

See Also

  • Related topic or grammar