아/어/여 + 요
Using the 요 ending adds politeness. In order to make the verb or adjective informal low form, known as 반말 one can usually simply remove the 요 at the end of the word.
- Irregular verbs
If the last syllable of the stem contains the vowels ㅗ or ㅏ, then 아요 is added. Note that if it already contains an ㅏ in the stem then an extra 아 is not written. Note this rule does not apply for 하다 verbs, see the section below for 하다 verbs.
오다→오아다 → 와요 *note ㅗ + ㅏ can be contracted into ㅘ.
If the last syllable of the stem contains the vowels 이, then it becomes a 여. →
If the last syllable of the stem contains any vowel except 오,아, and 이, then it becomes an 어.
하다 becomes 해요.
- Original → After
- People saying 맞어 and 아퍼
- Special pronunciation rule?
- Related topic or grammar