Difference between revisions of "아/어 있다"

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'''V + (아/어) 있다''': This pattern expresses the existence of a state or a fact. Must be distinguished from [[V + 고 있다]]
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==Description==
which is used to express a continuing action or a process.  
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'''V + 아/아 있다''' : '''V + (아/어) 있다''': This pattern expresses the existence of a state or a fact, the continuation of an action after it is done. For example, when you sit, you remain seated or when you stand, you remain standing. Must be distinguished from [[V + 고 있다]] which is used to express a continuing action or a process.  
  
==Conjugation Rule==
 
* Verb stem + (아/어)있다
 
  
==Conjugation Examples==
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===Notes===
* 앉다 (to sit) --> 앉아 있다
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*
* 서다 ( to stand) --> 서 있다
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==Sentence Examples==
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==Pronunciation==
* 언니는 지금 앉아 있다. (My sister is sitting.)
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*Special pronunciation rule?
* 물고기가 아직 살아 있다. (The fish is still alive.)
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* 책이 책상에 놓여있다.(A book is on the talbe.)
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**[놓이다] 놓이+어 있다 = 놓여있다
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*핸드폰이 꺼져있다
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==Usage Exceptions==
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==Conjugation Rule==
* 동생은 지금 누워 있다. (My sister is lying down.) - 눕다 + 어 있다 = 누워있다.
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{{Conjugation table
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|Pattern1=  <!--No 받침 pattern-->
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|Examples1=  <!--Examples, use <br> between each example-->
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|Pattern2=  <!--받침 example pattern-->
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|Examples2= <!--Examples, use <br> between each example-->
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}}
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==Sentence Examples==
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{{Example table
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|Korex1 ="언니는 지금 앉아 있다."
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|Engex1 ="My sister is sitting."
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|Comment1 =
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|Korex2 ="물고기가 아직 살아 있다."
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|Engex2 ="The fish is still alive."
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|Comment2 =
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|Korex3 ="책이 책상에 놓여있다."
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|Engex3 ="The book is on the table."
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|Comment3 =
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|Korex4 ="동생은 지금 누워 있다."
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|Engex4 =My sister is laying down."
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|Comment4 =
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|Korex5 ="오늘 하루종일 서 있었어."
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|Engex5 ="Today I had to stand all day."
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|Comment5 =
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|Korex6 =
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|Engex6 =
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|Comment6 =
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|Korex7 =
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|Engex7 =
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|Comment7 =
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|Korex8 =
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|Engex8 =
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|Comment8 =
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|Korex9 =
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|Engex9 =
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|Comment9 =
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|Korex10 =
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|Engex10 =
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|Comment10 =[[Category:Incomplete examples]] <!--remove this line if there are 10 sentence examples-->
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}}
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==

Revision as of 07:32, 4 March 2010

Description

V + 아/아 있다 : V + (아/어) 있다: This pattern expresses the existence of a state or a fact, the continuation of an action after it is done. For example, when you sit, you remain seated or when you stand, you remain standing. Must be distinguished from V + 고 있다 which is used to express a continuing action or a process.


Notes

Pronunciation

  • Special pronunciation rule?

Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침
Rule 2: If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem


Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
"언니는 지금 앉아 있다." "My sister is sitting."
"물고기가 아직 살아 있다." "The fish is still alive."
"책이 책상에 놓여있다." "The book is on the table."
"동생은 지금 누워 있다." My sister is laying down."
"오늘 하루종일 서 있었어." "Today I had to stand all day."


See Also