Difference between revisions of "아/어 있다"

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==Description==
 
==Description==
'''V + 아/아 있다''' : '''V + (아/어) 있다''': This pattern expresses the existence of a state or a fact, the continuation of an action after it is done. For example, when you sit, you remain seated or when you stand, you remain standing. Must be distinguished from [[V + 고 있다]] which is used to express a continuing action or a process.  
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'''Verb + 아/아 있다 and Verb + 아/어 계시다''' : This pattern expresses the existence of a state or a fact, the continuation of an action after it is done. For example, when you sit, you remain seated or when you stand, you remain standing. Must be distinguished from [[V + 고 있다]] which is used to express a continuing action or a process.  
  
  
 
===Notes===
 
===Notes===
*
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*The honorific form is Verb + 아/어 계시다
 
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==Pronunciation==
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*Special pronunciation rule?
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==Conjugation Rule==
 
==Conjugation Rule==
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==Sentence Examples==
 
==Sentence Examples==
 
{{Example table
 
{{Example table
|Korex1 ="언니는 지금 앉아 있다."
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|Korex1 ="언니는 지금 앉아 있어."
 
|Engex1 ="My sister is sitting."
 
|Engex1 ="My sister is sitting."
 
|Comment1 =
 
|Comment1 =
|Korex2 ="물고기가 아직 살아 있다."
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|Korex2 ="물고기가 아직 살아 있어."
 
|Engex2 ="The fish is still alive."
 
|Engex2 ="The fish is still alive."
 
|Comment2 =
 
|Comment2 =
|Korex3 ="책이 책상에 놓여있다."
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|Korex3 ="책이 책상에 놓여있어요."
 
|Engex3 ="The book is on the table."
 
|Engex3 ="The book is on the table."
 
|Comment3 =
 
|Comment3 =

Revision as of 00:02, 5 March 2010

Description

Verb + 아/아 있다 and Verb + 아/어 계시다 : This pattern expresses the existence of a state or a fact, the continuation of an action after it is done. For example, when you sit, you remain seated or when you stand, you remain standing. Must be distinguished from V + 고 있다 which is used to express a continuing action or a process.


Notes

  • The honorific form is Verb + 아/어 계시다

Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침
Rule 2: If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem


Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
"언니는 지금 앉아 있어." "My sister is sitting."
"물고기가 아직 살아 있어." "The fish is still alive."
"책이 책상에 놓여있어요." "The book is on the table."
"동생은 지금 누워 있다." My sister is laying down."
"오늘 하루종일 서 있었어." "Today I had to stand all day."


See Also