Difference between revisions of "아/어 있다"

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'''V + (아/어) 있다''': This pattern expresses the existence of a state or a fact. Must be distinguished from [[V + 고 있다]]
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==Description==
which is used to express a continuing action or a process.  
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'''Verb + 아/있다 and Verb + 아/어 계시다''' : This pattern expresses the existence of a state or a fact, the continuation of an action after it is done. For example, when you sit, you remain seated or when you stand, you remain standing. Must be distinguished from [[V + 고 있다]] which is used to express a continuing action or a process.  
  
==Conjugation Rule==
 
* Verb stem + (아/어)있다
 
  
==Conjugation Examples==
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===Notes===
* 앉다 (to sit) --> 앉아 있다
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*The honorific form is Verb + 아/어 계시다
* 서다 ( to stand) --> 서 있다
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==Sentence Examples==
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==Conjugation Rule==
* 언니는 지금 앉아 있다. (My sister is sitting.)
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{{Conjugation table
* 물고기가 아직 살아 있다. (The fish is still alive.)
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|Pattern1=  <!--No 받침 pattern-->
* 책이 책상에 놓여있다.(A book is on the talbe.)
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|Examples1=  <!--Examples, use <br> between each example-->
**[놓이다] 놓이+어 있다 = 놓여있다
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|Pattern2= <!--받침 example pattern-->
*핸드폰이 꺼져있다
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|Examples2= <!--Examples, use <br> between each example-->
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}}
  
==Usage Exceptions==
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==Sentence Examples==
* 동생은 지금 누워 있다. (My sister is lying down.) - 눕다 + 어 있다 = 누워있다.
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{{Example table
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|Korex1 ="언니는 지금 앉아 있어."
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|Engex1 ="My sister is sitting."
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|Comment1 =
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|Korex2 ="물고기가 아직 살아 있어."
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|Engex2 ="The fish is still alive."
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|Comment2 =
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|Korex3 ="책이 책상에 놓여있어요."
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|Engex3 ="The book is on the table."
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|Comment3 =
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|Korex4 ="동생은 지금 누워 있다."
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|Engex4 ="My sister is laying down."
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|Comment4 =
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|Korex5 ="오늘 하루종일 서 있었어."
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|Engex5 ="Today I had to stand all day."
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|Comment5 =
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|Korex6 =
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|Engex6 =
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|Comment6 =
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|Korex7 =
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|Engex7 =
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|Comment7 =
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|Korex8 =
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|Engex8 =
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|Comment8 =
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|Korex9 =
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|Engex9 =
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|Comment9 =
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|Korex10 =
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|Engex10 =
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|Comment10 =[[Category:Incomplete examples]] <!--remove this line if there are 10 sentence examples-->
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}}
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
*[[V + 고 있다]]
 
*[[V + 고 있다]]
  
[[Category:Grammar Pattern|ㅇ]]
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[[Category:Grammar|ㅇ]]
[[Category:Verb Grammar Pattern|ㅇ]]
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[[Category:Present tense|ㅇ]]

Latest revision as of 05:46, 28 August 2018

Description

Verb + 아/아 있다 and Verb + 아/어 계시다 : This pattern expresses the existence of a state or a fact, the continuation of an action after it is done. For example, when you sit, you remain seated or when you stand, you remain standing. Must be distinguished from V + 고 있다 which is used to express a continuing action or a process.


Notes

  • The honorific form is Verb + 아/어 계시다

Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침
Rule 2: If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem


Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
"언니는 지금 앉아 있어." "My sister is sitting."
"물고기가 아직 살아 있어." "The fish is still alive."
"책이 책상에 놓여있어요." "The book is on the table."
"동생은 지금 누워 있다." "My sister is laying down."
"오늘 하루종일 서 있었어." "Today I had to stand all day."


See Also