Difference between revisions of "아/어 있다"

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[[Category:Grammar Pattern|ㅇ]]
[[Category:Grammar Pattern|ㅇ]]
[[Category:Verb Grammar Pattern|ㅇ]]
[[Category:Present tense|ㅇ]]

Revision as of 07:14, 19 July 2009

V + (아/어) 있다: This pattern expresses the existence of a state or a fact. Must be distinguished from V + 고 있다 which is used to express a continuing action or a process.

Conjugation Rule

  • Verb stem + (아/어)있다

Conjugation Examples

  • 앉다 (to sit) --> 앉아 있다
  • 서다 ( to stand) --> 서 있다

Sentence Examples

  • 언니는 지금 앉아 있다. (My sister is sitting.)
  • 물고기가 아직 살아 있다. (The fish is still alive.)
  • 책이 책상에 놓여있다.(A book is on the talbe.)
    • [놓이다] 놓이+어 있다 = 놓여있다
  • 핸드폰이 꺼져있다

Usage Exceptions

  • 동생은 지금 누워 있다. (My sister is lying down.) - 눕다 + 어 있다 = 누워있다.

See Also