Difference between revisions of "(으)ㄴ 적이 있다"

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'''Verb+(으)ㄴ 적이 있다''' : This pattern is equivalent to the phrase 'to have ~ before' and can also in the question form can mean 'have you ever ~ ?' It is often combined with the form [[V + 어/아/보다]] to ask someone if they've ever tried something. The opposite pattern is [[V + (으)ㄴ 적이 없다]].
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==Description==
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'''Verb+(으)ㄴ 적이 있다''' : This pattern is equivalent to the phrase 'to have ~ before' and can also in the question form can mean 'have you ever ~ ?' It is often combined with the form [[V + 아/보다]] to ask someone if they've ever tried something. The opposite pattern is [[V + (으)ㄴ 적이 없다]].
  
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===Notes===
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This construction expresses past tense through verb + (으)ㄴ. There is no need to change the main verb 있다/없다 to its past tense form.
 
==Conjugation Rule==
 
==Conjugation Rule==
*Verb+적이 있다: If there is a [[받침]]
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{{Conjugation table
*Verb+적이 있다:  If there is no [[받침]].
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|Pattern1= Verb+적이 있다
 
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|Examples1= 간 적이 있다
Note that this construction expresses past tense through verb + (으)ㄴ. There is no need to change the main verb 있다/없다 to its past tense form.
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|Pattern2=  Verb+적이 있다
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|Examples2= 입은 적이 있다
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}}
  
 
==Conjugation Examples==
 
==Conjugation Examples==
*보다 → 본 걱이 있다
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*보다 → 본 적이 있다
*(Need some examples without 보다)
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*먹다 → 먹은 적이 있다
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*마시다 → 마신 적이 있다
  
 
==Sentence Examples==
 
==Sentence Examples==
*김치 먹어 본 적이 있어요? [Have you tried Kim-chi before?]
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{{Example table
*일본 가 본 적이 있어요? [Have you ever been to Japan?]
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|Korex1 =어릴때 병원에 입원한 적이 있어요.
<br>
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|Engex1 =I was hospitalized when I was a child.
*'''가:''' 제주도 처음 가요? [First time going to Jeju Island?]
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|Comment1 =Polite informal form
*'''나:''' 아니요, 가 본 적이 있어요. [No, I've gone (there) before]
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|Korex2 =그 사람을 만난 적이 있어요.
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|Engex2 =I've met him once.
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|Comment2 =Polite informal form
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|Korex3 =한국말을 몰라서 실수한 적이 있어요.
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|Engex3 =I've made a mistake because of my poor Korean.(?)
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|Comment3 =Polite informal form
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|Korex4 =철수? 그 이름을 들은 적이 있는 것 같아.
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|Engex4 =Chul-Su? I think I've heard the name.
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|Comment4 =Low form
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|Korex5 =한국영화를 본 적이 있어요?
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|Engex5 =Have you ever seen a Korean movie?
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|Comment5 =Polite informal form
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|Korex6 =한국남자와 데이트 한 적이 있어?
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|Engex6 =Have you ever gone out with a Korean guy?
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|Comment6 =Low form
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|Korex7 =어릴때 피아노를 배운 적이 있어.
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|Engex7 =I learned to play piano when I was a child.
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|Comment7 =Low form
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|Korex8 =김치 먹어 본 적이 있어요?
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|Engex8 =Have you tried kimchi before?
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|Comment8 =Polite informal form
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|Korex9 =일본에 가 본 적이 있습니까?
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|Engex9 =Have you ever been to Japan?
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|Comment9 =Formal form
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|Korex10 =제주도 처음 가요?"<br>"아니요, 가 본 적이 있어요.
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|Engex10 ="(Is this your) first time going to Jeju Island?<br>"No, I've gone (there) before."
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|Comment10 = Polite informal form
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}}
  
==Usage Exceptions==
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==Pronunciation==
.........
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*Special pronunciation rule?
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
*[[V + (으)ㄴ 적이 없다]]
 
*[[V + (으)ㄴ 적이 없다]]
snu level 2 pg 257
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<!--snu level 2 pg 257-->
[[Category:SNU Level 2 Grammar|]]
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[[Category:Grammar Pattern|]]
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[[Category:Grammar|ㅇ]]
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[[Category:SNU level 2 grammar|]]
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[[Category:Sogang level 2 grammar|ㅇ]]
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[[Category:Yonsei level 2 grammar|]]

Latest revision as of 23:02, 1 June 2011

Description

Verb+(으)ㄴ 적이 있다 : This pattern is equivalent to the phrase 'to have ~ before' and can also in the question form can mean 'have you ever ~ ?' It is often combined with the form V + 아/어 보다 to ask someone if they've ever tried something. The opposite pattern is V + (으)ㄴ 적이 없다.

Notes

This construction expresses past tense through verb + (으)ㄴ. There is no need to change the main verb 있다/없다 to its past tense form.

Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: Verb+ㄴ 적이 있다 If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 간 적이 있다
Rule 2: Verb+은 적이 있다 If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem 입은 적이 있다


Conjugation Examples

  • 보다 → 본 적이 있다
  • 먹다 → 먹은 적이 있다
  • 마시다 → 마신 적이 있다

Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
어릴때 병원에 입원한 적이 있어요. I was hospitalized when I was a child. Polite informal form
그 사람을 만난 적이 있어요. I've met him once. Polite informal form
한국말을 몰라서 실수한 적이 있어요. I've made a mistake because of my poor Korean.(?) Polite informal form
철수? 그 이름을 들은 적이 있는 것 같아. Chul-Su? I think I've heard the name. Low form
한국영화를 본 적이 있어요? Have you ever seen a Korean movie? Polite informal form
한국남자와 데이트 한 적이 있어? Have you ever gone out with a Korean guy? Low form
어릴때 피아노를 배운 적이 있어. I learned to play piano when I was a child. Low form
김치 먹어 본 적이 있어요? Have you tried kimchi before? Polite informal form
일본에 가 본 적이 있습니까? Have you ever been to Japan? Formal form
제주도 처음 가요?"
"아니요, 가 본 적이 있어요.
"(Is this your) first time going to Jeju Island?
"No, I've gone (there) before."
Polite informal form


Pronunciation

  • Special pronunciation rule?

See Also