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  • 가족<> - family
  • 혈족 <> - kinship, relation by blood
  • 친척 <> - a relative
  • 가장 <> - the head of a family

Immediate Family

  • 부모님 <父母-> - parents (님 is an honorific suffix)
  • 아버지 (formal) / 아빠 (informal) - father/dad
  • 아머니 (formal) / 엄마 (informal) - mother/mom
  • 부부 <> / 배우자 - spouse, husband and wife
  • 남편 <男便> - husband(normal)
    • 신랑 <新郞> - husband(friendly, originally it means young husband but when wife say in this way, she'd like to show friendly relationship with her husband)
    • 바깥양반 - From Josen Dynasty's house, husband lives outside and wife lives inside.
  • 아내 - wife
    • 마누라 - Slang, woman doesn't like because she believes it's a little bit dishonorable. From skin ship, husband and wife will lie to each other.
    • 안사람 - From Josen Dynasty's house
  • 형제자매 <> / 형제 <> - Siblings, brothers and sisters
  • 형 <> - Older Brother (for a boy) But some generation like 40s and 50s, when they're in University, they call 형 regardless of gender. Origin is Public Servant of Goguryo, one of 3 kingdom.
  • 오빠 - Older Brother (used by females). When you say this to 아저씨 or 할아버지, they'll be very happy
  • 누나 - Older Sister (used by males). Tell 아줌마 or 할머니 this. They will be more friendly.
  • 언니 - Older Sister (used by females)
  • 동생 <> - Younger sibling
  • 아들 - Son
  • 딸 - Daughter


  • 처부모 <妻父母> Wife's family / 시부모 <媤父母> Husband's family - Parents-in-law
  • 장인 <丈人> Wife's/ 시아버지 Husband's- Father-in-law
  • 장모 <丈母> Wife's/ 시어머니 Husband's- Mother-in-law
  • 사위 - Son-in-law
    • 사위 will call his wife's family 처부모, 장인/장모
    • Man's marriage was 장가 in Josen Dynasty. That's something to do with 장인/장모
  • 며느리 - Daughter-in-law
    • 며느리 will call her husband's family 시부모, 시아버지/시어머니.
    • Woman's marriage was 시집. That's something to do with 시부모, 시아버지/시어머니
  • 처남 <妻男> wife's brother
    • 큰처남 is wife's older brother, 작은처남 is wife's younger brother
    • 처제 is wife's youger sister(normally), 처형 is wife's older sister
  • 매부 <妹夫> is sister's husband
    • 매형 is older sister's husband
    • 매제 is younger siter's husband
  • 시숙 <媤叔> is husband's brother (normally older)
    • 시동생 is younger brother.
  • 형수 <兄嫂> is man's older brother's wife
    • 계수 <季嫂> is man's younger brother's wife. Similar 제수
    • Koreans enjoy joke each other about 형수/제수. Though they are similar age's friend, they argue friend's wife called 제수. That is to say, my friend is my younger brother, I'm 형님.
    • 동서 <同壻> Brothers' wives will call each other. (Generally) From original meaning, just leaving togeter or one family (agricultural society). So sisters' husband can use this, but they prefer 서방.
    • 시누이 is husband's sister. 올케 is brother's wife.
    • Josen dynasty is sexually unequal society, so 시집 살이 isn't nice, 시누이 and 올케 isn't easy. So there's some story, 혼내는 시어머니보다 말리는 시누이가 얄밉다. (시누이 is more annoying than angry 시어머니.)

Extended Family

  • 조부모 <祖父母> - Grandparents
  • 할아버지 - Grandfather (father's father)
  • 할머니 - Grandmother (father's mother)
  • 외할아버지 - Grandfather (mother's father)
  • 외할머니 - Grandmother (mother's mother)
  • 증조할아버지 - Great grandfather (grandfather's father)
  • 증조할머니 - Great grandmother (grandfather's mother)
  • 사촌 <四寸> - Cousin
    • 사촌언니 - an elder female cousin (for a girl)
    • 사촌누나 - an elder female cousin (for a boy)
    • 사촌오빠 - an elder male cousion (for a girl)
    • 사촌형 - an elder male cousion (for a boy)
    • 사촌동생 - a younger cousin (for a boy/girl)
    • 고촌사촌 - father's brother's son/daughter
    • 이촌사촌 - mother's brother's son/daughter
  • 삼촌 <三寸> - Uncle
  • 큰아버지 / 백부 <伯父> - Uncle (father's older brother)
  • 작은아버지 / 숙부 <叔父> - Uncle (father's younger brother)
  • 아주버니 - Husband's older brother
  • 고모 <姑母> - Aunt (father's sister)
  • 이모 <姨母> - Aunt (mother's sister)
  • 숙모 <叔母> / 작은어머니 - Aunt (father's younger brother's wife)
  • 백모 <伯母> - Aunt (father's older brother's wife)
  • 고모부 <姑母夫> - Uncle (father's sister's husband)
  • 이모부 <姨母夫> - Uncle (mother's sister's husband)
  • 조카 - Nephew
  • 조카딸 / 질녀 <姪女> - Niece
  • 손자 <孫子> - Grandson
  • 손녀 <孫女> - Granddaughter