Greetings and farewells

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  • 안녕?
    • 안녕 is a low form of "Hi or Hello?". 안녕 is used among friends or to people who are younger than you.
    • you can say "하이" among friends.
    • you can say just "야" which means 'hey', or you can call to friends' name "지은아!" instead of '안녕?' among close friend.
    • and 친구와 어디서 만나기로 했을 때,
      • A : 야! (Hey)
B : 어, 왔어? (Hi)

  • 안녕하세요?
    • 안녕하세요 is an honorific form of "Hello?".
    • to acquaintances
    • to neighbors
    • to people who are older than you
    • to strangers
    • at a store

  • 안녕하십니까?
    • 안녕하십니까 is very polite form of "Hello?".
    • used for business
    • Men use this more often than women
    • At a customer service center, 안녕하십니까? 고객님.

  • 밥 먹었어? / 식사 하셨어요?
    • literally means "Have you eaten?" or "Did you have breakfast/lunch/dinner?"
    • but the meaning is the same as "How are you?"
    • 밥 먹었어? is low form, and 식사하셨어요? is honorific form.
    • actually they don't wonder if you had a meal or not. and it doesn't mean "Let’s go to eat something". So, when someone ask you '식사 하셨어요?', you can just answer "네 (Yes)".

  • 어디가? / 어디가세요?
    • when you bump into someone on the street, you can say '어디가?' or '어디가세요?'
    • 어디가? is low form, and 어디가세요? is honorific form.
    • 어디가? and 어디가세요? are also means just "how are you?"
    • you can answer 학교 가요. or 집에 가요. or 친구 만나러 가요 or something.
    • if you don't want to say where you are going, you can say "볼일 보러요"

  • 오래간만이다. / 오래간만입니다. (can be shorten: 오랜만이다. / 오랜만입니다.)
    • 오래간만이다, 오래간만이야, 오래간만이네 are low form of "Long time no see."
    • 오래간만입니다, 오래간만이네요, 오래간만에 뵙겠습니다 are honorific form.

  • 잘 있었어?
    • 잘 있었어? 어떻게 지냈어? 잘 지냈어? are low form of "How have you been?"
    • 잘 지내셨어요? 어떻게 지내셨어요? are honorific form.
    • When someone asks you '잘 있었어?, 잘 지냈어?' or '잘 있었어요?, 잘 지냈어요?, you can answer '응' or '네'.
    • When someone asks you '어떻게 지냈어?' or '어떻게 지냈어요?' you can answer '잘 있었어' or '잘 있었어요'

  • 반가워요 / 반갑습니다.
    • Nice to meet you.
    • I think Korean people hardly use this phrase. if you want to say 'nice to meet you', you can just say '안녕하세요'.
table title
Korean English
A : 안녕?
B : 어, 안녕?
A : Hello?
B : Oh, Hi?
A : 안녕?
B : 어, 오랜만이다.
A : Hi?
B : Oh, long time no see.
A : 철수야~
B : 어, 안녕?
A : Cheolsoo!
B : Oh, Hi.
A : 야!
B : 어, 오랜만이야.
A : Hey!
B : Oh, long time no see.
A : 하이~
B : 안녕?
A : Hi~
B : Hello?
A : 안녕?
B : 어, 어디가?
A : 학교가.
B : 그래, 가~.
A : Hi.
B : Oh, Where are you going?
A : School. B : Ok, go.~
A : 철수야~
B : 어, 안녕? 밥 먹었어?
A : 응. 어디가?
B : 집에.
A : 그래. 다음에 보자.
A : 하이~
B : 안녕? 밥 먹었어?
A : 아니, 이제 먹으러 갈려구.
B : 나도 지금 먹을건데, 같이 갈까?
A : 좋지. 가자!
A: Nice to meet you.
B : Nice to meet you. Did you eat?
A : No, Are you going to eat?
B : I'm having right now, we can go.
A: Sure. Let's go!
A : 안녕하세요?
B : 네, 안녕하세요?
A : Nice to meet you.
B : Yes, Nice to meet you.
A : 안녕하세요?
B : 네, 식사 하셨어요?
A : 네~ 식사 하셨어요?
B : 네. 다음에 봬요.
A : Nice to meet you.
A : 안녕하세요?
B : 네, 어디가세요?
A : 슈퍼 가요.
B : 네, 그럼 담에 봐요.
A : Nice to meet you.
A : 안녕하십니까, 고객님?
B : 안녕하세요?
A : 어떻게 오셨어요?
A : 안녕하십니까? 김철수입니다.
B : 안녕하십니까.
A : Hello? I'm Kim Cheolsoo.
B : Hello.
영희 : 수진아, 내 남자친구 철수씨야. 인사해.
수진 : 안녕하세요?
철수 : 네, 안녕하세요.
Young-hee : Sujin, this is my boyfriend, Chul-su.
Su-jin : Nice to meet you.
Chul-su : Nice to meet you too.


  • 안녕히계세요
    • Formal way of saying goodbye
    • Used when you are the one leaving and the other person is staying
    • Direct Translation: "stay well"

  • 안녕히가세요
    • Formal way of saying goodbye
    • Used when you are the one staying and the other person is leaving
    • Direct Translation: "go well"

  • 잘 가
    • Informal way of saying goodbye
    • Direct Translation: "go well"

  • 안녕
    • Informal way of not only saying hello, but goodbye
    • See acceptable uses of 안녕 as a greeting, as the same applies to using it as a farewell