N + 이다
From Korean Wiki Project
Revision as of 06:49, 15 January 2014 by DigitalSoju
Noun + 이다 : See the usages below:
- This is a special type of verb (copula) that links the subject of a sentence with a predicate (a subject complement or an adverbial). In English, this pattern would translate to be, am, is, are, being, was, were, been.
- This is also used to connect nouns to certain grammar patterns that normally require a verb or adjective. For example A/V + 면 normally requires an adjective or verb, but we put a noun + 이다 to make it compatible with the pattern.
- The opposite pattern is 아니다(to not be).
- There are no command or suggestion forms.
- Although mostly attached to nouns, noun like expressions can also be attached.
- There are various grammar patterns that can't be used with 이다, see the incompatible grammar patterns section below.
|Noun + 입니다||Formal style (받침 or no 받침)||의사입니다, 선생님입니다|
|Noun + 예요||If there is no 받침 (informal polite)||의사예요|
|Noun + 이에요||If there is a 받침 (informal polite)||선생님이에요|
|Noun + 야||If there is no 받침||의사야|
|Noun + 이야||If there is a 받침||선생님이야|
|저는 미국인입니다.||I'm an American.||Formal form|
|여기는 한국입니다.||This is Korea.||Formal form|
|저의 이름은 철수예요.||My name is Chul Su.||Polite informal form|
|쟤는 제 친구예요.||That person is my friend.||Polite informal form|
|그것은 제 지갑이에요.||It is my wallet.||Polite informal form|
|저는 학생이에요.||I'm a student.||Polite informal form|
|벌써 겨울이야.||It's already winter.||Low form|
|우리 개는 푸들이야.||My dog is a poodle.||Low form|
|브래드 피트는 내가 가장 좋아하는 배우야.||Brad Pitt is my favorite actor.||Low form|
|오늘이 내 생일이야.||Today is my birthday.||Low form|
Grammar patterns that can't be used with 이다
- This grammar pattern cannot be used with grammar patterns that express suggestion or a command, i.e. V + 아/어 + 라 or V + 자