Difference between revisions of "Passive form"

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Passive form
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The passive voice is a grammatical voice in which the subject receives the action of a transitive verb. Passive voice emphasizes the process rather than who is performing the action. In Korean this form is called 피동.
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Passive verbs are often formed by adding 이/히/리/기 to a regular verb.
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{| class="wikitable sortable"
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|-
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|+이 Passive Verbs
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! Active verb !! Passive verb !! Comment
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|-
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| 놓다
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| 놓이다
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|
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|-
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| 바꾸다
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| 바뀌다
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|
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|-
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| 보다
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| 보이다
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|
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|-
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| 쓰다
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| 쓰이다
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|
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|-
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| 잠그다
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| 잠기다
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|
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|}
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{| class="wikitable sortable"
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|-
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|+히 Passive Verbs
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! Active verb !! Passive verb !! Comment
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|-
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| 닫다
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| 닫히다
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|
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|-
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| 읽다
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| 읽히다
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|
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|-
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| 막다
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| 막히다
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|
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|-
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| 잡다
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| 잡히다
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|
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|}
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{| class="wikitable sortable"
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|-
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|+리 Passive Verbs
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! Active verb !! Passive verb !! Comment
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|-
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| 걸다
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| 걸리다
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|
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|-
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| 듣다
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| 들리다
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|
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|-
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| 열다
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| 열리다
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|
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|-
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| 팔다
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| 팔리다
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|
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|}
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{| class="wikitable sortable"
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|-
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|+기 Passive Verbs
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! Active verb !! Passive verb !! Comment
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|-
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| 끊다
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| 끊기다
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|
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|-
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| 안다
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| 안기다
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|
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|-
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| 쫓다
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| 쫓기다
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|
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|}
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==See also==
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*[[Causative form]]

Revision as of 01:40, 22 October 2009

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The passive voice is a grammatical voice in which the subject receives the action of a transitive verb. Passive voice emphasizes the process rather than who is performing the action. In Korean this form is called 피동.


Passive verbs are often formed by adding 이/히/리/기 to a regular verb.


이 Passive Verbs
Active verb Passive verb Comment
놓다 놓이다
바꾸다 바뀌다
보다 보이다
쓰다 쓰이다
잠그다 잠기다


히 Passive Verbs
Active verb Passive verb Comment
닫다 닫히다
읽다 읽히다
막다 막히다
잡다 잡히다
리 Passive Verbs
Active verb Passive verb Comment
걸다 걸리다
듣다 들리다
열다 열리다
팔다 팔리다
기 Passive Verbs
Active verb Passive verb Comment
끊다 끊기다
안다 안기다
쫓다 쫓기다

See also