Passive form

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The passive voice is a grammatical voice in which the subject receives the action of a transitive verb. Passive voice emphasizes the process rather than who is performing the action. In Korean this form is called 피동.


Passive verbs are often formed by adding 이/히/리/기 to a regular verb.


이 Passive Verbs
Active verb Passive verb Comment
놓다 놓이다
바꾸다 바뀌다
보다 보이다
쓰다 쓰이다
쌓다 쌓이다


히 Passive Verbs
Active verb Passive verb Comment
꽂다 꽂히다
닫다 닫히다
읽다 읽히다
막다 막히다
먹다 먹히다
뽑다 뽑히다
잡다 잡히다
리 Passive Verbs
Active verb Passive verb Comment
걸다 걸리다
듣다 들리다
열다 열리다
팔다 팔리다
풀다 풀리다
기 Passive Verbs
Active verb Passive verb Comment
끊다 끊기다
빼앗다 빼앗기다
안다 안기다
쫓다 쫓기다
잠그다 잠기다

See also