사자성어

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사자성어 are four-character idioms from Chinese. This is called chengyu in Chinese.

Idioms

4 character idiom Chinese Characters Literal meaning Translation Note
유유상종 類類相從 Birds of a feather flock together
일석이조 一石二鳥 Kill two birds with one stone
새옹지마 塞翁之馬 A blessing in disguise
고진감래 苦盡甘來 No pain, no gain
견물생심 見物生心 Seeing is wanting
기진맥진 氣盡脈盡 Complete exhaustion
죽마고우 竹馬故友 A childhood friend
자신만만 自信滿滿 Full of confidence Full of confidence
다다익선 多多益善 The more the merrier
부지기수 不知其數 Countless, boundless
학수고대 鶴首苦待 Look forward to
막상막하 莫上莫下 Equally matched, neck-and-neck, on par, be 50-50
무용지물 無用之物 Something that is useless, white elephant Attaches with -이다
일거양득 一擧兩得 Kill two birds with one stone Attaches with -이다
유비무환 有備無患 Prevention is better than cure, better safe than sorry Attaches with -이다
호시탐탐 虎視眈眈 Waiting for an opportunity (to do something), waiting for an opening, waiting to pounce. You watch a situation and wait until you see an opportunity to take advantage of the situation
승승장구 乘勝長驅 Keep on winning, being on a roll, going from strength to strength, being on the up and up Attach -하다 to turn it into a verb (승승장구하다)

Vocabulary

These function like actual words

4 character idiom Chinese Characters Literal meaning Translation Note
과소평가 過小評價 Underestimate Attach -하다 to turn it into a verb (과소평가하다)
자화자찬 自畫自讚 Self-praise Attach -하다 to turn it into a verb (자화자찬하다)
비일비재 非一非再 Frequent occurrence Attach -하다 to turn it into a verb (비일비재하다)
다재다능 多才多能 Well-rounded, versatile, all-around (good) Attach -하다 to turn it into a verb (다재다능하다)
도중하차 途中下車 A stopover, a layover Attach -하다 to turn it into a verb (도중하차하다)
대성통곡 大聲痛哭 Weep loudly, mourn bitterly Attach -하다 to turn it into a verb (대성통곡하다)
거두절미 去頭截尾 To make a long story short Attach -하다 to turn it into a verb (거두절미하다)
일취월장  日就月將 Making progress day after day, month after month Making steady progress Attach -하다 to turn it into a verb (일취월장 하다)