From Korean Wiki Project
Adjective/Verb + 지요 : This grammar pattern can be used in various ways:
- Used like a tag question in English, mini questions we put at the end of a sentence and invite the listener to agree with you, usually on some fact or topic you both know about. If you are using this pattern like a tag question, you must use a rising intonation when speaking.
- For giving information about something. This pattern uses a falling intonation when spoken. If used as a reply to someone else, can give a slight feeling of "of course ~."
- For non tag question it used when you know the other person knows something, especially when asking yourself a question or having someone confirm or recheck a fact. The intonation is different from when asking a tag question(see the audio examples below).
- This grammar pattern can also be used with nouns if combined with the verb 이다 to make the pattern Noun + 이지요.
- 지요 is pronounced 죠 and can be contracted to 죠 in spelling form as well.
- There is a polite command form for when combined with the honorific 시 tag. See V + 시지요
A/V + 지요
|Rule 1:||A/V + 지요||If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침||가다→가지요|
|Rule 2:||A/V + 지요||If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem||알다→알지요|
N + 지요
|Rule 1:||N + 지요||If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침||개→개지요|
|Rule 2:||N + 이지요||If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem||선생님→선생님이지요|
- 가다 (to go) → 가지요
- 알다 (to know) → 알지요
- 예쁘다 (to be pretty) → 예쁘지요
- 춥다 (to be cold) → 춥지요
- 덥다 (to be hot) →덥지요
- 선생님 (teacher) → 선생님이지요
- 어머니 (mother) → 어머니지요
- 고양이 (cat) → 고양이지요
Note some examples below use the low form where the 요 is omitted.
Used with Tag Questions
|이효리가 정말 예쁘지?||Lee Hyori is really pretty, isn't she?||low form|
|오늘은 춥지요?||It's cold today, isn't it?||polite informal form|
|내일 직장에 안 가지?||You're not going to work tomorrow, are you?||polite informal form|
|김철수씨지요?||You're Kim Chul Su, aren't you?||polite informal form|
|우리 강아지 너무 귀엽지요?||My dog is so cute, isn't it?||polite informal form|
|"벌써 졸업했지요?"||"You already graduated, right?"||polite informal form|
|한국어 공부지?||You're studying Korean, aren't you?|
|책을 읽지요?||You read books, don't you?|
|아이스크림 좋아하지?||You like ice cream, right?|
|음악 들리지?||You hear the music, don't you?|
Used to Give Information
| 그 사람 알아?"
| Do you know that person?"
B: (of course) I don't know him.
| That is a dog, isn't it?"
"No. That's a cat.
As a General Question Ending
|그 사람의 이름이 뭐지요?||What is that person's name (again)?|| Seems like you knew this person's name and you are trying to retrieve the|
information from your mind or have the other person remind you.
polite informal form
|이거 얼마지요?||How much is this?|| The person you are asking knows the price. |
polite informal form
|시간이 얼마나 걸리지요?||How many hours does it take (again)?||polite informal form|
|지금 몇 시 지?||What time is it now?||low form|
|여기가 어디지?||Where is this place?|| Seems like you know where the place is and you are trying to retrieve the|
information from your mind or have the other person remind you.low form
| 저것은 개지요?"