(스)ㅂ니다

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Description

A/V + (스)ㅂ니다  : This pattern is used for formal declarative sentences. For interrogative sentences (questions), you must use the pattern A/V + (스)ㅂ니까. This grammar pattern appears in formal situations and be heard in such places as the subway and bus announcements and the news. This pattern can also be used when the speaker wants to show a higher level of respect, especially to elders.

Notes

  • This question can only be used for declarative statements and cannot be used for questions.

Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: Adjective/Verb + ㅂ니다 If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 가다 → 갑니다
Rule 2: Adjective/Verb + 습니다 If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem 먹다 → 먹습니다


Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
감사합니다. 고맙습니다. Thank you. Formal declarative
만나서 반갑습니다. Nice to meet you. Formal declarative
오늘 날씨가 춥습니다. The weather is cold today Formal declarative
저는 배가 고픕니다. I'm hungry. Formal declarative
비가 옵니다. It's raining. Formal declarative
저는 친구를 기다립니다. I'm waiting for my friend. Formal declarative
저는 한국을 사랑합니다. I love Korea. Formal declarative
한국 학생들이 영어를 배웁니다. The Korean students are learning English. Formal declarative
김선생님 이제 오셨습니다 Mr. Kim has now arrived. Formal declarative.
Also with A/V + 시 for additional politeness
내일 8시까지 도착해야 됩니다."
"네, 알겠습니다.
You have to be here by 8 O'clock tomorrow."
"Yes (sir), I understand.
Formal declarative


Pronunciation

  • Special pronunciation rule?

See Also


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