A/V + (스)ㅂ니까

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Description

Adjective/Verb + (스)ㅂ니까 : This pattern is used for formal interrogative sentences (questions). For declarative sentences, you must use the pattern A/V + (스)ㅂ니다. This grammar pattern appears in formal situations or when the speaker wants to show a higher level of respect.

Notes

  • This pattern can only be used for questions.

Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: Adjective/Verb + ㅂ니까 If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 가다 → 갑니까
Rule 2: Adjective/Verb + 습니까 If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem 먹다 → 먹습니까


Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
여행을 좋아합니까? Do you like traveling? Formal interrogative
누구를 기다립니까? Who are you waiting for? Formal interrogative
수업은 몇시에 시작합니까? What time does the class start? Formal interrogative
여자친구 있습니까? Do you have a girlfriend? Formal interrogative
여자친구를 사랑합니까? Do you love your girlfriend? Formal interrogative
어디에 삽니까? Where do you live? Formal interrogative
무슨책을 읽습니까? What are you reading? Formal interrogative
어디에서 한국말을 배웁니까? Where do you learn Korean? Formal interrogative
어제 무엇을 했습니까? What did you do yesterday? Formal interrogative
어느 나라에서 왔습니까? Where are you from? Formal interrogative


Pronunciation

  • Special pronunciation rule?

See Also



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