# Sino Korean numbers

From Korean Wiki Project

The Sino Korean numbers are derived from the Chinese numerals (Sino is a prefix meaning Chinese).

## Contents

## Numbers 0-10

Number | Pronunciation | Hanja |
---|---|---|

0 | 영^{1} |
零 |

1 | 일 | 一 |

2 | 이 | 二 |

3 | 삼 | 三 |

4 | 사 | 四 |

5 | 오 | 五 |

6 | 육 / 륙^{2} |
六 |

7 | 칠 | 七 |

8 | 팔 | 八 |

9 | 구 | 九 |

10 | 십 | 十 |

- For phone numbers, '공' is used instead of 영, i.e. 010-1234-5678 is 공일공 일이삼사 오룩칠팔.
- 육 is used when it's just the number '6' or if it is the first syllable, i.e. 육십 (60). Otherwise it is 륙.

## Numbers 11-99

For the numbers above 10, you form them by counting the number of 10's (십) you need, followed by the remaining digits.

- 11 = 10 + 1, so 십일 (ten one)
- 15 = 10 + 5, so 십오 (ten five)
- 20 = two 10s, so 이십 (two ten)
- 50 = five 10s, so 오십 (five ten)
- 99 = nine 10s + 9, so 구십구 (nine ten nine)

Number | Pronunciation | Hanja |
---|---|---|

11 | 십일 | 十一 |

12 | 십이 | 十二 |

13 | 십삼 | 十三 |

14 | 십사 | 十四 |

15 | 십오 | 十五 |

16 | 심육** | 十六 |

17 | 십칠 | 十七 |

18 | 십팔 | 十八 |

19 | 십구 | 十九 |

20 | 이십 | 二十 |

21 | 이십일 | 二十一 |

30 | 삼십 | 三十 |

32 | 삼십이 | 三十二 |

40 | 사십 | 四十 |

43 | 사십삼 | 四十三 |

50 | 오십 | 五十 |

54 | 오십사 | 五十四 |

60 | 육심 | 六十 |

65 | 육심오 | 六十五 |

70 | 칠십 | 七十 |

76 | 칠십육** | 七十六 |

80 | 팔십 | 八十 |

87 | 팔십칠 | 八十七 |

90 | 구십 | 九十 |

98 | 구십팔 | 九十八 |

## Numbers 100 and above

- For the numbers between 100-999, you form them by counting the number of 100's (백) you need, followed by the remaining digits.
- 565 = five 100s, six 10s + 5, so 오백육십오 (five hundred six ten five).

- For the numbers between 1,000-9,999 you form them by counting the number of 1000's (천) you need, followed by the remaining digits.
- For the numbers between 10,000-99,999 you form them by counting the number of 10,000s (만) you need, followed by the remaining digits.
- For the numbers above 100,000,000 you form them by counting the number of 100,000,000s (억) you need, followed by the remaining digits.

Number | Pronunciation | Hanja |
---|---|---|

100 | 백 | 百 |

1,000 | 천 | 千 |

10,000 | 만 | 萬 |

100,000 | 십만 | 十萬 |

1,000,000 | 백만 | 百萬 |

10,000,000 | 천만 | 千萬 |

100,000,000 | 억 | 億 |

1,000,000,000,000 | 조 | 兆 |

10,000,000,000,000,000 | 경 | 京 |

### Pronunciation note

- Any time 6 is preceded by 10 (like 16 or 56), the combination is always pronounced as '심뉵'. This is because 6 is 육 if it's in the first syllable and 륙 elsewhere, so 심륙 → 심뉵.

## Quiz

There are quizzes available to help you get accustomed to Sino Korean numbers.

- Sino Korean numbers quiz 1: Beginners level (numbers 1-100)
- Sino Korean numbers quiz 2: Intermediate level (numbers 100 - 10,000)

## See also

- Talk to me in Korean: Lesson 15- Sino Korean numbers