Talk:Hangeul step 5

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Consonant + horizontal vowel + consonant
Consonant + vertical vowel + consonant

Up until now to keep it simple, we've only learned about syllables that only ended with a vowel, basically two letters put together to make a sound. Now we'll be learning about the final consonant that goes at the bottom of the syllables block, this final position is called a batchim. The sentence example below shows the characters in the final position (batchim) in blue:

Badchim sentence.png

This step will introduce you to the sounds in the final syllable position, some which are very different from their normal sounds. For now we are only going to include the characters ㄴ and ㅁ in the final position (batchim) since ㄴ and ㅁ do not change sounds in this position. Just remember each block of letters is pronounced as a syllable. Let's try some simple examples to help you understand.

사람 (person)
라면 (ramen)
몸매 (shape, figure)
금지 (prohibition)
안주 (side-dish for alcohol)
신문 (newspaper)

Sound shifts

If a consonant in the final position followed by a vowel, the sound shifts over to the next syllable. The only sounds that don't shift over to the next syllable are ㅇ since it is weird to begin a weird with a "ng" sound and ㅎ becomes silent when followed by a vowel.

Pronunciation When Followed By a Vowel
Original Actual Pronunciation Audio
맞아 마자
먹어 머거
집에 지베
좋아 조아
놀아 노라
필요하다 피료하다
한국어 한구거
졸업 조럽
십일 시빌
콩이1 콩이
  1. If the final position has ㅇ, there is no syllable shift.

Different sounds

If a consonant in the final position and it is not followed by a vowel (meaning it is the last syllable of the word or followed by another consonant), then it may have a different pronunciation. You will notice from the tables below that many characters share the same sound when in the final position.

Also as you will notice, there are also the letters ㄲ and ㅆ below which we haven't learned yet. Don't worry as they are pronounced like some of the letters you have already learned when in the final position, so for now don't worry those letters until the next section.

  • Note: ㅃ, ㄸ and ㅉ can't appear in the final position.
Letter(s) Pronunciation Comment
ㄱ,ㄲ,ㅋ /k/ The /k/ sound is cut short. ㅋ and ㄲ do not commonly appear in the final position.
악, 앜, 앆 all pronounced the same (audio)
억, 엌, 얶 (audio)
옥, 옼, 옦 (audio)
욱, 웈, 욲 (audio)
익, 잌, 읶 (audio)
고객 (customer)
낙지 (Octopus)
낚시 (fishing)
맥주 (beer)
묶다 (to tie)
부엌 (kitchen)
식사 (meal)
욕 (foul language)
육 (six)

Letter(s) Pronunciation Comment
ㅂ,ㅍ /p/ The /p/ sound is cut short.
압, 앞 (audio)
업, 엎 (audio)
옵, 옾 (audio)
웁,웊 (audio)
입, 잎 (audio)
높다 (to be high)
덥다 (to be hot)
덮다 (to cover something)
맙소사 (Oh no! Oh my god)
밥 (rice)
십 (ten)
접시 (dish, plate)
춥다 (to be cold)

Letter(s) Pronunciation Comment
/l/ sound In the final position ㄹ sounds like an /l/ sound instead of an /ɾ/ as we previously learned. However if ㄹ is followed by a vowel it is a /ɾ/ sound. Also if there are two consecutive ㄹ together, the second ㄹ also takes an /l/ sound.
길 (road)
잘 (well)
말 (horse)
물 (water)
멀리 (far away)
칼 (knife)
걸리다 (to be hung)
열리다 (to be opened)
입술 (lips)

Letter(s) Pronunciation Comment
/ŋ/ sound ("ng" sound like in ring or hang) Normally ㅇ acts as a placeholder for a consonant and makes no sound, only in the final position does it make a sound.
강 (river)
건강 (health)
공주 (princess)
빙하 (glacier)
성 (family name, last name)
증상 (symptom)
Letter(s) Pronunciation Comment
ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ, ㅎ /t/ sound The /t/ sound is cut short.
앋, 앗, 았, 앚, 앛, 앝, 앟 (audio)
얻, 엇, 었, 엊 엋, 엍, 엏 (audio)
옫, 옷, 옸, 엊, 엋, 엍, 엏 (audio)
욷, 웃, 웄, 웆, 웇, 웉, 웋 (audio)
읻, 잇, 있, 잊, 잋, 잍, 잏 (audio)
곧 (right away) / 곳 (place)
꽃 (flower)
낮잠 (nap)
닻줄 (anchor)
멋쟁이 (stylish person)
있다 (to exist, to have)
찾다 (to find)


Compare the sounds of the final syllable when followed by a vowel, and when it's not followed by a vowel.





  1. Remember ㅅ + 이 becomes a "sh" sound.

승진 - promotion

  • 깊이 (deeply)
  • 젖다 - to be wet, soaked
  • 망하다 -
  • 상추
    • 이응 (etc)
  • 일요일 - Sunday

혹시 (by chance)

  • 강아지
  • 한글
  • 할머니
  • 시골
  • 골뱅이
  • 웃음
  • 가격

Double Consonant Cluster

Sometimes there are two consonants in the final position such as the ㄺ in the word 닭 or the ㄼ in 여덟. We will cover this in the step 7 in the final section. Just be aware that it is possible to have 2 consonants in the final syllable even though it's not common.


Word Audio
감자 (potato)
갑자기 (suddenly)
강남 (Gangnam, name of an area in Seoul)
같다 (to be the same)
곧 (soon, shortly)
높다 (to be high)
다음 (next)
먹다 (to eat)
못생기다 (to be ugly)
불고기 (bulgogi, a Korean dish (food))
선생 (teacher)
설렁하다 (to be chilly)
수업 (class)
알다 (to know)
어렵다 (to be difficult)
일본 (Japan)
잡채 (Japchae, name of a Korean dish[food])

Error: file Japchae j.mp3.mp3 not found

출입구 (entrance and exit)
팔다 (to sell)
할아버지 (grandfather)

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Missing files

|colspan="2"|업, 엎 || <flashmp3>eop j.mp3, eop c.mp3|leftbg=003478|rightbg=c60c30|lefticon=ffffff|loop=yes|righticon=ffffff|loop=yes</flashmp3>

File:Eop j.mp3 and co. seems to be missing. --Gwern 15:18, 26 December 2010 (PST)