Difference between revisions of "겠다"

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'''Adjective/Verb + 겠다''': This grammar pattern has several usages:
 
'''Adjective/Verb + 겠다''': This grammar pattern has several usages:
  
# The future tense can be expressed with -겠다 and is used to express the speaker's strong will or intension, while the pattern in [[A/V + (으)ㄹ 거예요]] is simpler future, and expresses less will or intention than -겠다. In first-person statements, the ending -겠- expresses intention or will. For the future tense, this is mostly used with [[formal]] patterns and not used commonly in informal speech.
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# In first-person statements, the ending -겠- expresses intention or will. In this meaning, it is mostly used with [[formal]] grammar patterns such as [[A/V + (스)ㅂ니다]] and not used commonly in informal speech.  This pattern is also stronger than the future tense [[A/V + (으)ㄹ 거예요]], which is a simpler future tense, and expresses less intention than than -겠다.  
# -겠다 can also express supposition.
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# -겠다 can also convey supposition, a guess, a thought or observation. It can sometimes be translated as 'I think', 'I bet', 'I guess', 'It/this looks ~', 'It must be ~'. This pattern can not be used to express the thoughts or supposition (etc) of a second or third person and must express the thought of the person saying or writing it.
  
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==

Revision as of 07:07, 5 December 2009

Adjective/Verb + 겠다: This grammar pattern has several usages:

  1. In first-person statements, the ending -겠- expresses intention or will. In this meaning, it is mostly used with formal grammar patterns such as A/V + (스)ㅂ니다 and not used commonly in informal speech. This pattern is also stronger than the future tense A/V + (으)ㄹ 거예요, which is a simpler future tense, and expresses less intention than than -겠다.
  2. -겠다 can also convey supposition, a guess, a thought or observation. It can sometimes be translated as 'I think', 'I bet', 'I guess', 'It/this looks ~', 'It must be ~'. This pattern can not be used to express the thoughts or supposition (etc) of a second or third person and must express the thought of the person saying or writing it.

Notes

Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: Adjective/Verb + 겠다 If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 가다 → 가겠다
Rule 2: Adjective/Verb + 겠다 If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem 좋다 → 좋겠다


Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
그만 먹겠어요. I'll stop eating. informal form
다시는 전 남자친구를 만나지 않겠어. I don't intend to meet my ex-boyfriend again. low form
나는 지금 자러 가겠어. I'm going to go sleep now. low form
내일은 꼭 그 일을 끝내겠어요. Tomorrow I'll d efinitely finish the job. polite informal form
무슨 일이 있으면 핸드폰으로 연락하겠습니다. If something comes up I contact you to your cellphone. formal form
그 사람이 올 때까지 기다리겠어요. I'll wait for him until he comes. polite informal form
내일은 비가 오겠어. I bet it's going to rain tomorrow. low form
나도 그 문제를 풀겠어. I'll bet I can solve the problem, too. low form
어린 아이도 그런 일은 할 수 있겠어요. I'll bet even a child could do that. polite informal form
지은이는 지금쯤 미국에 도착했겠어요. I'll bet JiEun has arrived in America. polite informal form


See Also