Difference between revisions of "과/와"

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[[Category:Yonsei level 1 grammar|ㄱ]]

Latest revision as of 02:26, 28 April 2011

If you are looking for the Chinese characters 과 and 와, see:


Noun + 과 and Noun + 와 ; This is a cunjunction, which connects 'noun' and 'noun or 'noun phrase' and 'noun phrase'. Same with 'and' in English but '-과' and '-와' are used only to connect nouns and noun phrases. This meaning can also sometimes mean 'with' as in '삼촌과 살아요' (I live with my uncle). In spoken language, however, people prefer using '-(이)랑' to using '-과' and '-와'.


Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: Noun + 와 If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 친구와
Rule 2: Noun + 과 If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem 한국말과

Sentence Examples

Korean English Notes
저는 술과 담배를 좋아해요. I like smoking and drinking. Polite informal form
저는 한국말과 일본말을 배웠어요. I learned Korean and Japanese. Polite informal form
영희는 그 사람과 결혼했어요. Young Hee married him. Polite informal form
나는 철수와 같이 살아. I live with Chul Su. Low form(반말)
빵과 우유를 먹었어요. I ate some bread and milk. Polite informal form
철수와 영희는 캐나다에서 왔어요. Cheol-su and Young-hee are from Canada. Polite informal form
친구와 영화 보러 갈 거예요. I am going to see a movie with my friend. Polite informal form
저는 연필과 지우개가 필요해요. I need a pencil and an eraser. Polite informal form
저는 어제 경복궁과 인사동에 갔어요. I went to Kyoun Bok Palace and In Sa Dong yesterday. Polite informal form
저는 가방과 책을 샀어요. I bought a bag and a book. Polite informal form


  • Special pronunciation rule?

See Also

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