Difference between revisions of "Internet and text messaging"

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(Grammar Style)
(Grammar Style)
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| rowspan="6" |'''Adding ㅁ or 음''' - some people add a ㅁ/음 to sound more cute. This is usually for the final word in a sentence or clause.
 
| rowspan="6" |'''Adding ㅁ or 음''' - some people add a ㅁ/음 to sound more cute. This is usually for the final word in a sentence or clause.
 
<br>
 
<br>
'''Note:''' This is not to be confused with 음 being used to mean [[A/V + (으)면]]).
+
'''Note:''' This is not to be confused with 음 being used to mean [[A/V + (으)면]]). See table below.
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
'''Conjugation rule:'''
 
'''Conjugation rule:'''
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| rowspan="6" | '''A/V + ㅁ/음''' - this is a shortened form of the grammar pattern [[A/V + (으)면]].
 
| rowspan="6" | '''A/V + ㅁ/음''' - this is a shortened form of the grammar pattern [[A/V + (으)면]].
 
<br>
 
<br>
'''Note:''' This is not to be confused with informal style to cute (see table above) and also not to be confused with the real grammar pattern [[A/V + (으)ㅁ]] which turns an adjective or verb into a noun.
+
'''Note:''' This is not to be confused with informal style to sound cute (see table above) and also not to be confused with the real grammar pattern [[A/V + (으)ㅁ]] which turns an adjective or verb into a noun.
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
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{| class="wikitable"
+
 
 +
==Intentional misspelling==
 +
Many words are intentionally misspelled either to sound cute or out of convenience (less letters to type). Often times the styles below will be used in combination with another.
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"
 
|-
 
|-
! Style/form !! Comment
+
! Style !! Description !! Examples
 
|-
 
|-
|A/V + ㅁ/음 (instead of [[A/V + (으)면]])
+
| Spelling a word by how it sounds
 +
| Some people will spell out words based on how they are actually pronounced. For example the '거' in '할거야' is actually pronounced as 꺼, so some people will spell it out as 헐꺼야. Another common example is the word for what (뭐) being spelled as 머.
 +
 
 +
Also out of convenience and laziness, some people will often try to spell a word based on how it sounds using less keystrokes. This often means ignoring any silent consonants (such as ㅇ when paired with a vowel).
 
|
 
|
 +
* 뭐 해? → 머 해?
 +
* 갈거야 → 걸꺼야 (Spelled based on the actual pronunciation)
 +
* 갔어 → 가써
 +
* 맞아 → 마자
 +
* 좋아 → 조아
 +
* 아니야 → 아냐
 +
* 싫어 → 시러 (Note: ㅎ in ㅀ is ignored because it makes no sound)
 +
* 했잖아 → 했자나 (Note: ㅎ in ㄶ is ignored because it makes no sound)
 +
* 착해 → 차캐 (Note: ㄱ + ㅎ makes an ㅋ sound)
 
|-
 
|-
| Simple spelling
+
| Using regular vowels in place of double vowels
| Examples:
+
| Double vowels such 와, 위, and 왜  get simplified into similar sounding regular vowels. Typically these simplifications are made:
*맞아 마자
+
*
*싫어 시로/시러
+
* 이 (except for '뭐' which is often written as 머 and '줘' as 죠 or 조)
 +
* 왜 → 애
 +
|
 +
*가 봐 → 가 바 (봐 gets simplified into 바)
 +
*먹어야돼 → 먹어야대 (돼 gets simplified into 대)
 +
*괜찮아 → 갠찮아 (괘 becomes simplified as 개)
 +
*귀찮아 → 기차나 (귀 becomes simplified as 기, then the rest gets spelled as it's pronounced cutting down on the keystrokes)
 
|-
 
|-
| 응 substitutions
+
| Changing the vowel 어 to 오
| Using 엉, 웅, 앙, 옹, 읭, 잉 instead of 응 (low form of 'yes'). These forms are supposed to be more 'cute.'
+
| Changing the vowel 어 to 오 is often used to alter the pronunciation and make it sound a bit more cute or different.
 +
|
 +
* 어디야? → 오디야?
 +
* 이뻐 → 이뽀
 +
* 머 해? → 모 해? (Note 머 is originally 뭐)
 +
* 시러 → 시로 (Note 시러 is originally 싫어)
 
|-
 
|-
| Adding ㅇ as the [[받침]] to words.
+
| Changing the vowel 어 to
| Young people often add ㅇ as the [[받침]] to words at the end of sentences without a [[받침]].
+
| Changing the vowel 어 to 오 is often used to alter the pronunciation and make it sound a bit more cute or different.
Examples:
+
|
*오빠! 오빵!
+
* 그러게 그르게
*일찍 만나자 → 일찍 만나장
+
*
 
|-
 
|-
| Substitutes for ~요
+
| Changing the vowel 으 to 우
| ~여, ~염, ~엽, ~욘, ~용 , ~효 = Substitutes for ~요 at the end of sentences.
+
| Changing the vowel 으 to 우 is often used to alter the pronunciation and make it sound a bit more cute or different. This style seems to be used mostly by females rather than males.
Examples:
+
|
*잘 자요 잘 자여
+
* 이쁘다 → 이뿌다
 +
* 그냥 → 구냥
 +
* 그래 → 구래
 +
|-
 +
| Using ㅅ instead of a ㅆ badchim (받침)
 +
| Some people will use ㅅ instead of ㅆ as the badchim (받침) either to sound cute or out of convenience. Some people also accidentally use ㅅ as a typo since ㅅ and ㅆ are on the same key.
 +
|
 +
*했어 햇어
 +
*보내줬어 → 보내줫어
 +
*누웠어 → 누웟어
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! Style/form !! Comment
 +
|-
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| 응 substitutions
 +
| Using 엉, 웅, 앙, 옹, 읭, 잉 instead of 응 (low form of 'yes'). These forms are supposed to be more 'cute.'
 
|-
 
|-
 
|~셈
 
|~셈

Revision as of 07:00, 10 August 2012

terms used on the internet, emoticons, internet slang etc

Laughing

  • ㅋ- Noise used for laughter, the more ㅋ's the more the person is laughing.
    • 크 - variation of ㅋ
    • k is the Romanized version of ㅋ
  • ㅋㄷ - 키득키득, another way to write the sound of laughter
  • ㅎ- Noise used for laughter, the more ㅎ's the more the person is laughing.

Emoticons

Emoticon(s) Meaning
*_____* Smiling face
^^ Happy eyes
ㅡ_ㅡ
ㅜㅜ /ㅠㅠ Tears
.\/. Angry eyes
OTL Shape of a person fallen on the floor in representation of a failure or mistake. Another variation is orz

i.e., "I forgot my homework OTL" (O - head, T - torso and arms, L - legs)

  • 요TL is someone in a similar position throwing up
▶◀ Used for when someone died (represents black ribbon used in funeral)
-ㅅ-a Scratching one's head.
'ㅅ'b Thumbs up
'ㅅ'ㅗ

The middle finger, flipping someone off
@[email protected] Confusion
 ; The semicolon is supposed to represent sweat and used to indicate embarrassment and disappointment. The more semicolons the more one is indicating they are embarrassed. Example ^^;;, 말도 안 되는 소리 하지 마;;;
ㅋ.ㅋ  ?
ㅎ.ㅎ  ?
ㅃ.ㅃ  ?
~ Used to make a statement more friendly, especially at the end of conversation. imagine over-extended sound at the end. For example 안녕

~~ would be like saying anyoungggg. The more ~'s there are the longer that sound extends.

Shortened words

Shortened form Real word Comment
ㅇㅇ Positive response, low form of 네 (yes).
ㅇㅋ OK
~욜 ~요일 Abbreviation used in combination when expressing a particular day.
  • 일욜 → 일요일 (Sunday)
  • 수욜 → 수요일 (Wednesday)
ㄳ / ㄱㅅ 감사합니다 Thank you
ㄱㅊ 괜찮아요 It's ok
ㅅㄱ 수고하세요 Keep up the good work.
ㅊㅋ 축하해요 Congratulations
ㅎㅇ 하이 Hi
ㅂㅇ 바이 Bye
방가 반가워 Nice to meet you
ㅅㅂ 씨발 A strong korean curse word, similar to the F word.
내일 Tomorrow
올만이네 오랜만이네 Long time no see.
짱나 짜증나 Expression you use when something or someone is annoying
글쿠나 / 글쿤 그렇구나 / 그렇군 (Ah) I see!
그냥 Just
어케 어떻게 How
ㄴㄴ No no
ㄷㄷ 덜덜  ?
ㅎㄷㄷ 후덜덜  ?

Grammar Style

Since many young people are so used to typing text messages in a different way, typing proper Korean can sometimes make the person sound serious or angry. Many young people use a style that is considered more cute. However these should not be used in formal conversation, people who you have a formal relationship with and elders (cases vary).

Females tend to use this style more than males. Males rarely try to sound cute to another male. Also some of the styles together are often mixed together.

Style/form Original With ㅇ in badchim (받침)
Adding ㅇ as the final consonant (받침) - when there is no final consonant (받침), some people add a ㅇ to make it sound more cute. This is usually for the final word in a sentence or clause.


Usage (out of 5): ★★★★★

이쁘다 이쁘당
없네 없넹
왜? 왱?
있는데 있는뎅
자야지 자야징
맞아요 맞아용
Style/form Original With ㅇ in badchim (받침)
Adding ㅁ or 음 - some people add a ㅁ/음 to sound more cute. This is usually for the final word in a sentence or clause.


Note: This is not to be confused with 음 being used to mean A/V + (으)면). See table below.
Conjugation rule:

  • Add 음 if there is a final consonant (받침)
  • Add ㅁ if there is no final consonant (받침).
  • The 이다 verb for nouns becomes 임.

Usage (out of 5): ★★★★★

했어여
(Originally 했어요)
했어염
아니야 아니얌
괜찮다 괜핞음
알았다 알았음
먹었어요 먹었어욤
오빠야 오빠얌
Style/form Example
A/V + ㅁ/음 - this is a shortened form of the grammar pattern A/V + (으)면.


Note: This is not to be confused with informal style to sound cute (see table above) and also not to be confused with the real grammar pattern A/V + (으)ㅁ which turns an adjective or verb into a noun.


Conjugation rule:

  • Add 음 if there is a final consonant (받침)
  • Add ㅁ if there is no final consonant (받침).

Usage (out of 5): ★★★

일찍 끝남 전화할게 → 일찍 끝나면 전화할게.

(If I finish early, I'll call you)

시간 있음 만나자 → 시간 있으면 만나자.

(If you have time, let's meet)

Sentence
Sentence
Sentence
Sentence
Style/form Example
Substitutes for the 요 ending - sometimes using the respectful ending 요 with someone too much can make the conversation seem less casual, especially if the people are around the same age. So in order to make the conversation seem more casual without reverting to 반말, people will often use other forms of 요. Some people also use these 요 substitutes just for fun even to their close friends.


Alternatives for 요:

  • 염 (여 + ㅁ)
  • 용 (요 + ㅇ)
  • 욤 (요 + ㅁ)

Usage (out of 5): ★★★★★

집에 왔어용.

(집에 왔어요)

지금 갈게욤

(지금 갈게욤)

얽었어욘

(읽었어요)


Intentional misspelling

Many words are intentionally misspelled either to sound cute or out of convenience (less letters to type). Often times the styles below will be used in combination with another.

Style Description Examples
Spelling a word by how it sounds Some people will spell out words based on how they are actually pronounced. For example the '거' in '할거야' is actually pronounced as 꺼, so some people will spell it out as 헐꺼야. Another common example is the word for what (뭐) being spelled as 머.

Also out of convenience and laziness, some people will often try to spell a word based on how it sounds using less keystrokes. This often means ignoring any silent consonants (such as ㅇ when paired with a vowel).

  • 뭐 해? → 머 해?
  • 갈거야 → 걸꺼야 (Spelled based on the actual pronunciation)
  • 갔어 → 가써
  • 맞아 → 마자
  • 좋아 → 조아
  • 아니야 → 아냐
  • 싫어 → 시러 (Note: ㅎ in ㅀ is ignored because it makes no sound)
  • 했잖아 → 했자나 (Note: ㅎ in ㄶ is ignored because it makes no sound)
  • 착해 → 차캐 (Note: ㄱ + ㅎ makes an ㅋ sound)
Using regular vowels in place of double vowels Double vowels such 와, 위, and 왜 get simplified into similar sounding regular vowels. Typically these simplifications are made:
  • 와 → 아
  • 위 → 이 (except for '뭐' which is often written as 머 and '줘' as 죠 or 조)
  • 왜 → 애
  • 가 봐 → 가 바 (봐 gets simplified into 바)
  • 먹어야돼 → 먹어야대 (돼 gets simplified into 대)
  • 괜찮아 → 갠찮아 (괘 becomes simplified as 개)
  • 귀찮아 → 기차나 (귀 becomes simplified as 기, then the rest gets spelled as it's pronounced cutting down on the keystrokes)
Changing the vowel 어 to 오 Changing the vowel 어 to 오 is often used to alter the pronunciation and make it sound a bit more cute or different.
  • 어디야? → 오디야?
  • 이뻐 → 이뽀
  • 머 해? → 모 해? (Note 머 is originally 뭐)
  • 시러 → 시로 (Note 시러 is originally 싫어)
Changing the vowel 어 to 으 Changing the vowel 어 to 오 is often used to alter the pronunciation and make it sound a bit more cute or different.
  • 그러게 → 그르게
Changing the vowel 으 to 우 Changing the vowel 으 to 우 is often used to alter the pronunciation and make it sound a bit more cute or different. This style seems to be used mostly by females rather than males.
  • 이쁘다 → 이뿌다
  • 그냥 → 구냥
  • 그래 → 구래
Using ㅅ instead of a ㅆ badchim (받침) Some people will use ㅅ instead of ㅆ as the badchim (받침) either to sound cute or out of convenience. Some people also accidentally use ㅅ as a typo since ㅅ and ㅆ are on the same key.
  • 했어 → 햇어
  • 보내줬어 → 보내줫어
  • 누웠어 → 누웟어


Style/form Comment
응 substitutions Using 엉, 웅, 앙, 옹, 읭, 잉 instead of 응 (low form of 'yes'). These forms are supposed to be more 'cute.'
~셈 Substitute for ~십시오 & ~세요.

Examples:

  • (to be added)
삼, ~3 Substitute for ~습니다 and 세요. 삼 is the pronunciation for the Sino Korean number three, so 3 can be used as well.

Examples:

  • 소주 주세요 → 소주 주삼
Using ㅅ instead of ㅆ (as 받침) Examples:
  • 했어 → 햇어
  • 먹었어 → 먹엇어

(Note: This is usually just a typo.)

Spelled as pronounced Some words are spelled the way they are commonly pronounced.

Examples:

  • 뭐 → 머 / 모
    • 뭐 해? → 머 해?
    • 뭐 해? → 모 해?
  • 줘 → 조
    • 물 좀 줘 → 물 좀 조
  • 봐 → 바
    • 내일 봐 → 내일 바
  • 되 / 돼 → 대
    • 안 돼 → 안 대
쥐 instead of 지 Sometimes 쥐 is used instead of 지 to sound more cute.

Examples:

  • 인사해야지 → 인사해야쥐
음 words Words like 다음, 마음 become just 담 and 맘.
~긔 instead of ~고 Sometimes ~구 is used instead of ~고 to sound more cute.

Examples:

  • 잘 자고(잘 자구) → 잘 자긔 for Good night!
Noise used when 겸연쩍을 때
Noise used for laughter, used when 어이없을 때 (especially when girls are)

Video Examples

See also