Difference between revisions of "겠다"

From Korean Wiki Project
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Text replace - "Sogang Level 2 Grammar" to "Sogang level 2 grammar")
Line 100: Line 100:
[[Category:SNU Level 2 Grammar|ㄱ]]
[[Category:SNU Level 2 Grammar|ㄱ]]
[[Category:Sogang Level 2 Grammar|ㄱ]]
[[Category:Sogang level 2 grammar|ㄱ]]
[[Category:Yonsei Level 1 Grammar|ㄱ]]
[[Category:Yonsei Level 1 Grammar|ㄱ]]
[[Category:Future tense|ㄱ]]
[[Category:Future tense|ㄱ]]

Revision as of 02:14, 25 April 2011

Adjective/Verb + 겠다: This grammar pattern has several usages:

  1. In first-person statements, the ending -겠- expresses intention or will. In this meaning, it is mostly used with formal grammar patterns such as A/V + (스)ㅂ니다 and not used commonly in informal speech. This pattern is also stronger than the future tense A/V + (으)ㄹ 거예요, which is a simpler future tense, and expresses less intention than than -겠다.
  2. -겠다 can also convey supposition, a guess, a thought or observation. It can sometimes be translated as 'I think', 'I bet', 'I guess', 'It/this looks ~', 'It must be ~'. This pattern can not be used to express the thoughts or supposition (etc) of a second or third person and must express the thought of the person saying or writing it.
  3. When combined with A/V + (으)면 and follow by 좋겠다, it can be used to express a wish or desire, see A/V + (으)면 좋겠다
  4. When combined with the honorific marker and the verb 주다, it is a polite way to request or ask for something or some action to be done. See V + 아/어 주시겠다 or N + 주시겠다.
  5. -겠다 can also be added to 알다 (to know) and 모르다 (to not know) to raise the politeness. 알겠어요/모르겠어요 are generally more polite than 알았어요/몰라요.


Conjugation Rule

Conjugation Rule
Pattern Case Example
Rule 1: Adjective/Verb + 겠다 If there is no 받침 or if the adj/verb stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 가다 → 가겠다
Rule 2: Adjective/Verb + 겠다 If there is a 받침 at the end of the adj/verb stem 좋다 → 좋겠다

Sentence Examples

Future tense

Korean English Notes
그만 먹겠어요. I'll stop eating. informal form
다시는 전 남자친구를 만나지 않겠어. I don't intend to meet my ex-boyfriend again. low form
나는 지금 자러 가겠어. I'm going to go sleep now. low form
내일은 꼭 그 일을 끝내겠어요. Tomorrow I'll definitely finish the job. polite informal form
무슨 일이 있으면 핸드폰으로 연락하겠습니다. If something comes up I'll contact you on your cellphone. formal form
그 사람이 올 때까지 기다리겠어요. I'll wait for him until he comes. polite informal form

Supposition, conjecture

Korean English Notes
내일은 비가 오겠어. I bet it's going to rain tomorrow. low form
나도 그 문제를 풀겠어. I bet I can solve the problem too. low form
어린 아이도 그런 일은 할 수 있겠어요. I bet even a child could do that. polite informal form
지은이는 지금쯤 미국에 도착했겠어요. I bet JiEun has arrived in America. polite informal form
(Looking at her friend's dinner plate) 맛있겠다! Looks delicious! low form

See Also